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# ADV.D05 Biohz Wste

# ADV.D05 Biohazardous Waste / Infection Control

OPIM Other potentially infectious material. body fluid other than blood. ,
Who controls medical waste? Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) | Dept. of Transportation | OSHA | U.S. Postal Service
What is biohazardous medical waste? biohazardous waste produced as a result of diagnosis, treatment or immunization, trauma scene waste and research or testing of biologicals. Applies to both animal and humans.
Solid medical waste glassware, plasticware, pipettes, PPE, specimens, cultures, swabs, vaccines
Liquid medical waste body fluids from aspirates, rinses and washes. Culture fluids, and plasma, serum or whole blood.
Medical waste does not include: Urine, feces, saliva, sputum, nasal secretions, sweat, tears, or vomitus without blood.paper towels or non-biohazardous containers, bandages/dressings containing dried blood
Non-medical waste radioactive waste, household waste Waste generated on agricultural or livestock practices on a farm or ranch
Sharps waste Needles, and lancets in any form. Broken glass, blood vials
Mixed waste Waste that has both medical and non-medical waste.
Treatment of mixed waste Biohazardous + radioactive = radioactive waste :: Chemical + Biohazardous + radioactive = radioactive waste :: Chemical and biohazardous = chemical waste
Biohazard Bag RED, does not absorb moisture, can resist ripping, tearing and bursting under normal use.Must have biohazard symbol
Biohazard bag information Must be on the bag: generator's name, address & phone#, tied securely. lace in a rigid container for storage, handling or transport.
Visibility of the word "biohazadard" and symbol Must be visible from any side direction (not top/bottom)
Sharps containers Must be rigid, puncture resistant, leak resistant and cannot be opened without great difficulty.
Storage of sharps must be separated from other types of waste. Close when 3/4 full. Cannot be stored for longer than 7 days. Must have biohazard symbol. Must be labeled with generator's name, address & phone#
Autoclave A process of sterilizing biohazardous materials using heat and steam.
Biohazardous spills 1. Apply disinfectant, 2. Cover area with towels, 3. Allow to stand for 15 minutes, 4. wipe up area by disposing of towels and drying with dry towels. Can use 2% phenol, 10% bleach, or OSHA approved disinfectant spray.
Non-sharp biohazardous waste belongs in.. red biohazard bags that have biohazard symbol.
Nosocomial infection A new infection that a patient gets from the hospital.
"Protective Isolation" A type of isolation that protects the patient from infection
Pathogen A microbe capable of causing disease
BBP Blood Borne Pathogen
Infection control program designed to beak the chain of infection by preventing spread of infection
aseptic, asepsis without contamination or without infection
Most common BBP that a healthcare worker can get from a needle stick HBV
The BBP that causes AIDS HIV
Airborne infections require N-95 respirator mask.
Airborne infection spread Can travel beyond 3 feet.
Droplet infection spread Can travel less than 3ft.
Antiseptics for skin include: 70% isopropyl alcohol, chlorohexidine gluconate (zeprin chloride), Iodine (povidone-iodine)
Acceptable disinfectants 10% bleach (sodium hypochlorite), OSHA approved disinfectant, 2% amphyl
Disinfectants are to be used on.. objects
Created by: rjmtoss