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Archaeology

1st Year His

TermDefinition
Atefacts objects that come directly from the past. Usually found in an archaeological dig
JCB Digger which removes topsoil
Excavation The process of examining a possible historic site. It Involves recovering the artefact.
Dig The whole excavation is called a dig as archaeologists remove soil.
Grid The site is divided into squares, which are numbered. This allows the workers to record what they have found and where.
Aerial Photo A bird's eye photo of the area.
Rescue Archaeology If they come across a site by accident, archaeologists would have to come in and rescue it.
Topsoil The layer/layers of soil covering the artefact.
Map/Plan Archaeologists need to make a detailed plan for the dig.
Trowel Tool to brush away the dirt
Brush Small shovels are used to remove the soil without damaging the artefact.
Sieve Tool for sifting through the soil to find anything of historical value.
Dated When a historian finds something, they need to bag, label and date it.
Stratigraphy Judging the date of an object by examining the layers of soil above it.
Carbon Dating Judging the date of an object by testing the amount of carbon in it. The less carbon, the older it is.
Dendrochronology Counting the amount of tree rings to find out the date of the tree or objects need by.
Pre-history History before the written word.
Created by: JCHistory