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Renaissance Vocab

Renaissance Vocabulary- Global I

TermDefinition
Annul cancel or invalidate (in the RCC applies to marriage)
Calvinism Calvinists believe that salvation is gained through faith alone and the Bible is the source of religious truth. John Calvin believed in predestination or divine right.
Heliocentric based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Heresy Religious belief that is contrary to the official teachings of the church
Humanism Intellectual movement at the heart of the Italian Renaissance that focused on worldly subjects rather than on religious ones
Indulgence In the Roman Catholic Church, pardon for sins committed during a person’s life
95 Theses List of 95 arguments against indulgences, posted by Martin Luther on the door of a church in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517
Patron Person who provides financial support for the arts
Predestination Idea that God long ago determined who will gain salvation
Protestant Reformation Period when Europeans broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and formed new Christian churches
Recant Give up one’s views or beliefs
Renaissance Period of great creativity and change in Europe from the 1300s through the 1600s; the word means “rebirth”
Scientific Method Painstaking method used to confirm findings and to prove or disprove a hypothesis
Scientific Revolution Period in the 1500s and 1600s in which scientific thinkers challenged traditional ideas and relied on observation and experimentation
Secular Having to do with worldly, rather than religious matters
John Calvin French Protestant reformer who preached predestination
Copernicus Polish astronomer who proposed the sun-centered model of the universe
Leonardo da Vinci Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor who created the Mona Lisa
Galileo Italian Renaissance astronomer who supported the heliocentric theory
Martin Luther German monk who began the Protestant Revolution with the 95 Theses
Michelangelo Italian Renaissance sculptor, engineer, architect, poet, and painter of the Sistine Chapel
Sir Isaac Newton English scientist who discovered gravity; worked with physics and astronomy
Shakespeare English playwright and poet of numerous comedies, tragedies, and histories
Created by: murawski