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MRT 110 Mid Term

Kathleen Newton

TermDefinition
palatoplasty surgical repair of the plate
sialoadenitis inflammation of salivary glands
sialoadenectomy salivary gland surgery
sialolithiasis formation of calculi within a salivary gland
sialoadenolithiasis stone in salivary gland
sialolithotomy incision of a salivary duct or gland to remove calculus
aphthous stomatis small painful ulcer of the oral cavity
herpetic stomatitis viral infection of the mouth that causes ulcers and inflamation
oral leukoplakia white patches on the tongue, in the mouth, or on the inside of the cheek
esophageal atresia congenital medical condition that affects the alimentary tract
esophageal varices dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus
GERD mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus
gastritis inflammation of the lining of the stomach
gastrectomy surgical removal of the part of the stomach
pylorospasm spasm of the pyloric portion of the stomach
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the pyloric sphincter that blocks the passage from the stomach to the duodenum.
viral hepatitis virus that causes inflammation of the stomach or severe liver damage
gallstones hard crystalline mas forms abnormally in the gallbladder
icerus, jaundice yellowing of the skin and the whites in the eye balls
(laparoscopis) cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
ascites the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
melena and stool guiac test used to detect the presence of fecal occult blood
hematochezia passage of fresh blood through the anus
steatorrhea the excretion of abnormal quantities of fat with the feces owing
colonic polyposis growth on the lining of the colon or the rectum
Crohn's disease a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines
ulcerative colitis inflammatory bowel disease
volvulus obstruction caused by the twisting of the stomach or intestine
intussusception inversion of one portion if the intestine within another
anorexia lack or loss of appetite for food
bulimia insatiable overeating as a medical condition
diverticulosis, diverticulitis condition in which diverticula are present in the intestine without signs of inflammation
anastomosis surgical connection between two structures
peristalsis progressive wave of contraction and relaxation of a tubular muscular system
segmentation division into smaller parts
paracentesis perforation od a cavity of the body or a cyst
laparoscopy surgical procedure in which a small incision is made
sphincters: U.E.S.; L.E.S.; pylorus; ileocecal valve between the illeum and small intestine
aphagia inability to swallow
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
polyphagia excessive eating
dyspepsia indigestion
splenorrhagia hemorrhage from the spleen
proptosis abnormal protrusion or displacement of an eye or other part of body
hematemsis vomiting of the blood
hemoptysis coughing up of the blood
bladder cancer disease in which the cells lining the urinary bladder lose the ability to regulate their growth and start dividing uncontrollably
renal cell carcinoma kidney cancer
Wilms' tumor kidney cancer that occurs in young children
diabetes insipidus a rare form of diabetes caused by a deficiency of the pituitary hormone vasopressi
diabetes mellitus condition where the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the kidney caused by an immune response
nephrolithiasis kidney stones in the kidney
nephrolithotomy incision into the kidney for the removal of a renal calculus
ESWL Extra corporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
nephrotic syndrome - nephrosis mental and emotional disorder that affects only part of the personality
nephrosclerosis medical condition referring to damage to the kidney due to high blood presure
urinary retention inability to empty bladder
nitrogenous wastes waste product excreted from the body that include large amounts of element nitrogen
uremia (azotemia) medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen compounds
hyperbilirubiinemia excess of bilirubin in blood
renal failure inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes
dialysis: hemodialysis; CAPD separation of particles in a liquid on the basis of differences in their ability to pass through a membrane
ureterocele a congenital abnormally found in the ureter
urethrocele prolapse of the female urethra in the vagina
metal stenosis narrowing of the opening of the urethra, the tube through which urine leaves the body
anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
oliguria scanty urination
nocturia need to wake up and pass urine during the night
polyuria production of abnormally large amounts of dilute urine
bacteruria presence of bacteria in urine
pyuria
hematuria
protenuria
albuminuria
ketonuria
alkalosis
acidosis
BUN
KUB
cervicitis
PID
endometriosis
fibroids
hysterectomy
TAH-BSO Total
cervical
uterine (endometrial)
ovarian
breast
abruptio placenta
placenta previa
ectopic pregnancy
pre-eclampsia
Down syndrome
erythroblastosis fetalis
hyaline membrane disease
menorrhagia
metrorrhagia
menometrorrhagia
dystocia
episiotomy
G5P3
pelvic exenteration
cephalic version
cryptorchisism condition where one or both testies fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum
hydrocele
variocele
testicular torsion
hypospadia
balanitis
gynecomastia
castration
sterilization
orchiopexy
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
cancer: testicular, prostatic
STD: Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis
cryogenic surgery
CVA
meningitis
cerebral vascular accident
Parkinson
Alzhimer
ALS
spina bifida
oculta
cystica spina
multiple sclerosis
Huntington
causalgia
subdural hematoma
radiculitis
paraplegic
quadriplegic
myasthenia gravis
brain tumor: glioblastoma
syncope
anesthesia
paresthesia
dyslexia
aphasia
dysphasia
ataxia
apraxia
myelogram
antisocial
histronic
narcissistic
paranoid
schizoid
hypochondriasis
conversion disorder
hallucinations
phobias; agoraphobia, claustrophobia, ets
euphoria
hypomania
bipolar disorder
dysthymic disorder
cyclothymic disorder
major depresion
adenopathy *
cytology *
nephrology *
thrombocyte * a clotting cell
cartilage *
chondroma *
coccyx *
prone *
trachea *
acromegaly *
hypertrophy *
leukocytosis *
ptosis *
thoracentesis * surgical puncture to remove fluid from chest
anoxia *
exophthalmos *
retroperitoneal *
syndactyly *
ultrasonography *
cecum * a
cheilitis *
esophageal *
esophagus *
sigmoidoscopy *
buccal *
gingivectomy *
stool guiac *
catheter *
lithotripsy *
trigone *
urethroplasty *
adnexia uteri *
dysmenorrheal * pain during menstration
myomectomy *
pyosalpinx *
cryptorchism *
oligospermia *
phimosis *
stroma *
varicocele *
bradykinesia *
hypersthesia *
paresthasia *
quadriplegia *
anorexia nervosa *
neurosis *
pyromania *
Created by: jolkax3