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Imperialism in China

The Imperialism of China through Britain

QuestionAnswer
What is a trade deficit? A trade deficit is when a country imports more than it exports.
What is a trade surplus? A trade surplus is when a country exports more than it imports.
What is a nation's balance of trade? A nations balance of trade refers to the difference between how much a country imports and how much a country exports.
What is an indemnity? An indemnity is payment for losses in a war.
What is extraterritoriality? Extraterritoriality is the right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation.
Where was the opium that the British imported to the Chinese processed from? The imported opium was processed by poppy plants grown in India crown colony.
What did the Chinese do to ban the sale of Opium? The Chinese closed opium houses and executed the drug lords.
What are the Opium Wars? The Opium Wars (1839-1842) were a series of wars fought by Britain and China over restrictions to foreign trade.
Who won the Opium Wars? Britain won the Opium Wars because the Chinese had both outdated weapons and fighting methods.
What was Britain entitled to in the Treaty of Nanjing? The British were entitled to reimbursement for the costs incurred by fighting, the Chinese had to open 7 ports to British trade, provide the British with complete control of Hong Kong, and grant extraterritoriality to the British people living in China.
What was the Taiping Rebellion? The Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) was the most devastating peasant revolt in history. Led by Hong Xiuquan, it called for an end to the Qing dynasty. However the rebellion was crushed with the help of loyal regional governors and generals.
Who was empress of China in the late 1800s? Ci Xi (tsih shih).
What happened during the Self-Strengthening Movements? Reformers imported western technology, made factories for the manufacture of modern weapons, developed shipyards railroads and mining industry but made no progress because the government was unsupportive.
Who was the emperor of China in the early 1900's? Guang Xu
What was the Hundred Days of Reform? This was a period where the new emperor of China, Guang Xu began to modernize China but was eventually imprisoned for reforms such as modern civil service exams, streamline government, and encouraged industry
What took place during the Boxers Rebellion? The Boxers Rebellion of 1899 was led by a group known as the Righteous Harmonious Fists with a goal of driving out the foreigners and ending the European influence in China.
What were the outcomes of the Boxers rebellion? The Chinese lost after both the Western nations and Japan banded together and China was forced to concede to foreign reforms.
What did the Boxers Rebellion spread? The failed Boxers rebellion initiated the spread of Chinese nationalism.
What are the Three Principles of the People? Nationalism (freeing China from foreign domination), Democracy (Representative government), and Livelihood (economic security for all the Chinese)
Who was the first president of the Chinese republic? Sun Yixian, was named the first Chinese president (this in turn marked the end of Chinese dynasty)
Created by: jennahamilton