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Chapter 20 Vocab

TermDefinition
anesthetic a drug that prevents pain during surgery
enclosure the process of taking over and fencing of land formerly shared by peasant farmers
smelt to separate iron from its ore
capital wealth to invest in enterprises such as shipping, mines, railroads, and factories
factories places that brought together workers and machines to produce large quantities of food
turnpikes privately built roads that charged a fee to travelers who used them
urbanization the movement of people to cities
tenements multistory buildings divided into crowded apartments
labor unions worker's organizations
utilitarianism the idea that the goal of society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number" of its citizens
socialism people as a whole rather than private individuals own all property and operate all businesses
means of production the farms, factories, railways, and other large businesses that produced and distributed goods
communism a form of socialism that sees class struggle between employers and employees as unavoidable
proletariat working class
Created by: 100006302139264