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Missiology

QuestionAnswer
Missiology conscious, intentional, ongoing, reflection on the doing of mission. It includes theory(ies) of mission, the study and teaching of mission, as well as the research, writing, and publication of works regarding mission.
Mission Broader, referring to everything the church is doing that points toward the kingdom of God. (larger)
Missions Relegated to the specific work of the church and agencies in the task of reaching people for Christ by crossing cultural boundaries. (strategies, methods)
Missio Dei Taken from the Latin for “mission of God,” the central idea is that God is the one who initiates and sustains mission.
Culture communication, language
4 strands of Missional Helix Theological Reflection Cultural Analysis Strategy Formation Historical Perspective
Philosophy of Missions The integrated beliefs, assertions, theories and aims which determine the character, the purpose, the organization, the strategy, and the action of a particular sending body of the Christian world mission
Glocalization McDonald’s in France
Missionary Traditionally, a missionary was a person who crossed cultural boundaries to establish new outreach on behalf of Jesus and plant new bodies of local believers
10/40 Window An imaginary rectangular window between the 10th and 40th latitudes, bordered around Africa, the middle east, and asia. This window contains the bulk of the unreached peoples in the world.
4/14 Window Developed as a spin-off from the 10/40 window, this refers to the age at which children are most likely to commit their lives to Christ as well as the ages where they are most vulnerable.
Conciliar Movement Churches and denominations that have joined together under various ecumenical organizations. These organizations provide a platform for cooperative work without actually binding the constituent denominations into a single organization
Ecumenical movement Generally refers to the 20th century phenomenon of protestant churches and denominations working together in the context of the World Council of Churches with a goal of achieving some type of external unity.
Contextualization taking the gospel to a new context and finding ways to communicate it so that it is understandable to the people in that context. Not just theology it also includes church life and ministry that are biblically faithful and culturally appropriate.
Creative access Country A nation-state in which traditional missionary work is illegal or banned. Missionaries who want to work in such countries must be creative in the means they utilize for entry and residence. Other terms include closed country and restricted access country.
Holistic Mission Mission that takes into account the whole of human needs: Spiritual, Social, and personal. Holistic mission includes evangelism and church planting as well as development and social transformation
Incarnational Mission Just as Christ was incarnated as a person, so missionaries, it can be said, need to incarnate themselves into a new context. They can learn the language and culture of their new context in such a way that they can behave like the one who was born in that
Indigenous Church A Church that fits well into the local culture. Traditionally defined in terms of “three self’s”: Self-governing Self-supporting More recently self-theologizing- the ability to develop its own theological understandings from scripture
Indigenous Missionary A missionary from what was once considered a receiving nation. This term is to be used broadly of both indigenous evangelists (who don’t cross boundaries) and indigenous missionaries (who cross significant boundaries even though they stay within country
Mainline Denominations The prominent denominations of the 19th and 20th centuries in North America and Europe, including various branches within the Episcopal (Anglican), Presbyterian (and other Reformed Groups), Methodist, Lutheran, and United Church of Christ traditions.
Majority World Several terms have been used to describe the non-westernized world, including developing world, Afericasia, the third world, two-thirds world, underdeveloped world, and world A.
Mobilizer A person who energizes a church or group of people and its resources for mission. This may be an outsider or an insider
Nonresidential Missionary A missionary who, for whatever reason, is unable to permanently live in the country or among the people group that is the main focus of his or her ministry. This tends to be the case more often in creative access countries.
People Groups A people group is usually defined by ethnic or linguistic terms. It is estimated that there are some twelve thousand distinct languages and dialects and as many as twenty-four thousand people groups in the world today.
Shalom The Hebrew word for peace in the Old testament, where it refers to wholeness, completeness, and soundness. It is a holistic term, extending to include spiritual peace (salvation), physical peace (healing), psychological peace (wholeness) and social peace
Short-term missions This usually refers to trips with a mission focus that range from one week to 2 years. They may be organized by churches, agencies, or even individuals for a variety of reasons (English-language camps, church building projects, evangelistic campaigns)
Spiritual warfare Reflects the reality that Satan does not want unbelievers to come to Christ or believers to live fruitful, holy lives. The warfare we face is that Satan and his hosts constantly try to maneuver us to spiritual lethargy or depression
Syncretism The replacement of core or important truths of the gospel with non-Christian elements
Tentmaking A term coined by Paul’s stay at Corinth when he made tents so as to not be a burden to the Corinthian Church. Tentmaking is the practice of using paid employment to gain and maintain entry into cross-cultural settings.
Transformation Working to change society by transforming its unjust structures into more just ones. In the 20th century evangelicals did not typically think of transformation as appropriate missionary work
Unreached peoples People Groups that currently have no access to the Gospel. They are “hidden” not in the sense that they are invisible, but in the sense that there is no way, given the current conditions, that they can hear the Gospel in their own language
Universalism Everyone goes to heaven
Pluralism Many roads to God “Every Religion has equal value” "Every road leads to the top of the mountain” As people have responded to natural revelation, they are saved by their sincere worship
Inclusivism yes Jesus is only savior, but… Faithfulness in your religion Jesus includes your religion (Islamic jihadists) All are saved by the merits of Christ, they just don’t know it till they die. A professions of faith in Christ is not necessary for salvation
Exclusivism yes, period. This position is founded on two fundamental truths: Jesus is the only savior Explicit faith in him is the only door of salvation
What is the Gospel 1. God is Holy- Leviticus 19:2 2. Man is sinful- Romans 3:23 3. Jesus is the answer- John 5:25 4. You must repent and be born again- Colossiansl 3:1-17
General factors affecting the church’s expansion All roads lead to Rome Pax Romana Its all Greek to me! Greek Philosophy taught everyone Dispersion of Jewish synagogues Constantine’s conversion
What are the key components of a church that distinguish it from a Bible study? Expositional Preaching Biblical Theology Biblical Understanding of the Good News Biblical Understanding of Conversion Biblical Understanding of Evangelism Biblical Understanding of Church Membership Biblical Church Discipline Concern for Promoting Ch
Who are the biblical officers of a church? pastors & deacons
What are the major eras of the modern missions movement? 1st- 1792-1910-coastlands-william carey 2nd- 1865-1980- inland- Hudson Taylor 3rd- 1934- ?- UUPG- Cameron Townsend, Donald McGavran
who were the key players of the modern missions movement? William Carey (1761-1834) -Father of Modern Missions
What are some examples from the Old Testament that show us that God has always been concerned for the nations of the world beyond the borders of Israel? 1. Strangers were allowed to enter in among the people of Israel- Gods house was not confined to Israel 2. The Psalms talk about God blessing Israel so they can bless the world 3. Micah looks to the day when the nations will come to worship God.
Created by: kriskuriger
 

 



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