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World Final Q3 Rev

CHAPTER 17: EUROPEAN EXPLORATION, CONQUEST, & TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE

QuestionAnswer
How did the process by which an African person became enslaved in the Americas begin? African slaves were traded for European goods
How did the Portuguese monarchy exert its control over Brazil? Sending a viceroy to govern
What did Spain and Portugal mainly export when trading with their Latin-American colonies? silver
Why were African slaves imported to work on encomiendas in Latin America? Disease had killed so many of the native population that African slaves were needed to do the labor
How did the Catholic Church contribute to the colonization of Latin America? Missionaries were sent to convert indigenous people
When does a country have a favorable balance of trade? When the value of exports is greater than value of imports
Why did Europeans begin to expand and explore in the 1500s? God, Gold and Glory
Why were the Portuguese first to explore other lands? superior ships and support of Prince Henry the Navigator
What advantage did better weaponry give Spanish conquistadors over the Aztec and Inca empires? The weapons were unlike anything the native populations had seen it allowed a small group of conquistadors to conquer such a large population
What other countries settled in the Americas, challenging the financial control enjoyed by the Spanish and Portuguese? Netherlands, France and England
What were the effects of the slave trade on African societies? Loss of population, culture and family
What is the correct list of social classes from colonial Latin America beginning highest to lowest? Peninsulare-creole-mestizo-mulatto-native/slave
How did Catholic missionaries aid European powers in controlling the lives of Native Americans? They brought Native Americans together in villages where they were taught trades and encouraged to grow crops
What was the Treaty of Tordesillas? Treaty between Spain and Portugal that determined who and where each country could colonize. The Pope declared that the lands east of the line of demarcation were for Portugal and the lands west were for Spain
Why could only peninsulares hold important government positions in Latin America? Peninsulares were born in the Spain or Portugal
What is mercantilism? Belief that prosperity of a nation depends on a large supply of gold and silver
What was The Requiremento? Decree by the Spanish crown to native people establishing Spanish government as the new government and Catholicism as the new religion. It also stated that those who did not follow would be dealt with severely
What was the encomienda system? System that forces Native Americans to work for the Spanish as a tax
What was the Middle Passage? The leg of the Trans-Atlantic trade route that carried African slaves to the new world
Explain the Columbian Exchange The exchange of plants and animals between the new and old worlds
Explain how the Spanish conquered the Aztec and the Inca. Be sure to list “who” and Who: Aztec ruler- Montezuma Spanish conquistador-Cortes Inca ruler- Atahuallpa Spanish conquistador-Pizarro
Explain how the Spanish conquered the Aztec and the Inca “how” How: Guns, germs and steel
Explain how the Spanish conquered the Aztec and the Inca “why" Why: Glory, gold and God
Created by: PLHSWorld