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Med Term Mod 3

-algia pain, suffering, painful condition
bi- twice, double, two
-cele hernia, tumor, swelling
cholecyst/o gallbladder
dys- bad, difficult, painful
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting out, excision
enter/o small intestine
fasci/o fascia, fibrous band
fibr/o fibrous tissue, fiber
gastr/o stomach, belly
hepat/o liver
-lithiasis presence of stones
my/o muscle
-ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
-phagia eating, swallowing
Abduction movement of limb away from midline of the body
Adduction movement of the limb towards the midline of the body
Antiemetic medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
Ascites an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Ataxia the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement
Bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
Cachexia physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass
Cholangitis acute inflammation of the bile duct
Cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
Circumduction circular movement at the far end of a limb
DTR deep tendon reflex
Diverticulitis inflammation or infection of one or more diverticula in the wall of the colon
Dorsiflexion movement that bends the foot upward at the ankle
Dyskinesia distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as a tick or spasm
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Dystonia condition of abnormal muscle tone
EMG electromyogram; electromyography
Enteritis inflammation of the small intestine caused by viral or bacterial pathogens
Epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestines
GERD gastroesophagael reflux disease
Hematemesis vomiting of blood
Hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
Hyperemesis extreme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration
Hyperkinesia abnormally increased muscle function or activity
Hypertonia excessive tone of skeletal muscles
Hypotonia diminished tone of skeletal muscles
Intermittent clausication pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
Leukoplakia abnormal white precancerous lesion that develop on the tongue or inside of the cheek
Myocele hernia of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it
Myoclonus sudden involuntary jerking of a muscle or a group of muscles
Myorrhaphy surgical suturing of a muscle
Paralysis loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle through disease or injury to its nerve supply
Pronation the act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned facing downward
Quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
Neuromuscular pertaining to the relationship between a nerve and muscle
ROM range of motion
Singultus hiccups
Tenodesis surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
Tenolysis release of a tendon from adhesion
Volvulus twisting of the intestine on itself causing an obstruction
Created by: ChristineLynn