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chapter 5 vocabulary

key terms

TermDefinition
Phillip II Inherited spain, the spanish Netherlands, and the American colonies.
Absolute monarch Kings or queens who believed that all power within their state's boundaries rested in their hands.
Divine right the idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God's representative on earth.
Edict of Nantes the huguenots could live in peace in France and set up their own houses of worship in some cities.
Cardinal Richelieu Became, in effect, the ruler of France.
Skepticism The idea that nothing can ever be known for certain.
Louis XIV Most powerful ruler in French history.
Intendants Collected taxes and administered justice.
Jean Baptiste Colbert He believed in the theory of mercantilism.
War of the Spanish Succession The long struggle that followed.
Thirty years' war A conflict over region, over territory, and for power among european ruling families.
Maria Theresa Charles's eldest daughter.
Fredrick the Great Followed his father's military policies when he came to power.
seven years' war Fought in European, India, and North America, the war lasted until 1763.
Ivan the Terrible Came to the throne in 1533 when he was only three years old.
Boyars Russia's landowning nobles.
Peter the Great Sole ruler of russia.
Westernization Using western Europe as a model for change.
Charles I His son, the the throne.
English Civil War The war that King Charles supports and opponents fought in 1642 to 1649.
Oliver Cromwell Had the New Model Army that began defeating the Cavaliers.
Restoration. The reign of Charles II when he restored the monarchy.
Habeas Corpus Latin meaning "to have the body."
Glorious Revolution Bloodless over throw of King James II
Constitutional monarchy Where laws limited the ruler's power.
Cabinet During the 1700s, this potential problem was remedied by the development of a group of government ministers, or officials.
Created by: YNWM_Reese