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# ADV.D03 Capillary

# ADV.D03 Capillary Puncture (Young & Elderly)

QuestionAnswer
Age specific care considerations Understanding age related communication and fears in order to better help an infant or child during blood drawing.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) A nervous system disease of dementia.
Blood volume Blood loss through phlebotomy must be limited to a percentage of total blood volume.
calcaneus The heel bone
capillary blood gas (CAP gas) A test for Oxygen (O2) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) using capillary blood.
Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) Local anesthetic used to reduce pain
geriatric elderly population
heel stick Intended for neonates. Lateral plantar surface only.
hemolysis destruction of red blood cells
hypothyroidism underactive thyroid
latex allergy allergic reaction of rash and possibly anaphylaxis.
neonatal screening Special "State required" collection and testing for diseases at birth.
neonates Newborn (within the first 28 days)
osteochondritis Inflammation of bone and cartilage due to a skin puncture that was too deep.
parental involvement Recommended that parent help hold and comfort a child.
Parkinson's disease A nervous system disorder characterized by spasms and uncontrolled muscular movements
Pediatric phlebotomies Child phlebotomy. Use of microtubes, lancets and baby vacuum tubes is required.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) A metabolic disorder in which brain damage occurs if phenylalanine is in the diet.
premature infant Infant born before full term.
sucrose nipple or pacifier Form of diversion for infants before blood work. Blood glucose will increase if using this.
Maximum depth for an infant heel puncture 2.0mm
Maximum depth for an adult skin puncture 3.0mm
Device used for skin punctures autolet
anaphylaxis Serious allergic reaction that might kill the patient.
Created by: rjmtoss