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Module 5

Med Word Building - Word Structure - Combining Forms

QuestionAnswer
Define: Combining Form “a root word plus a combining vowel.”
What's imperative to do concerning combining forms? It is imperative to memorize the vowel that accompanies each root word, as you will need it to create many words.
Four rules that govern word building. Define: Rule 1 The combining vowel is used when another root or suffix is added to the combining form and the added root word or suffix begins with a consonant.
Give an example of Rule 1 hepat/o + megaly = hepatomegaly root word + combining form + suffix hepat/o + splen/o + megaly = hepatosplenomegaly
Four rules that govern word building. Define: Rule 2 The combining vowel is dropped when the root word or suffix added to the combining form begins with a vowel.
Give an example of Rule 2 hepat/o + itis = hepatitis root word + suffix
Four rules that govern word building. Define: Rule 3 Words that end in certain letters, most notably "x," substitute a "c" when combined with suffixes or plural endings.
Give an example of Rule 3 cervix + -al = cervical thorax + -ic = thoracic
Four rules that govern word building. Define Rule 4 Many prefixes end in a vowel and can be added to a root word or combining form without change to either. Any exceptions to this rule will be noted as they occur.
Created by: beccawa