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# ADV.D02 Anatomy

# ADV.D02 Med.Term. / Anatomy

Cell Basic unit of life
homeostasis Maintaining a balance of normal health
Metabolism Sum of all chemical processes of the body.
Anabolism Building
Catabolism Breaking down chemicals into simplest parts.
Synovial fluid Joint fluid
Pleural fluid lung fluid
Respiration Inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide
anterior front
posterior back
Medial middle
lateral to the side
ventral belly. front side.
proximal close to
distal far from
superficial close to surface
Supine lying face up
organs the part of an organism with a specific function
organ system groups of organs that serve a particular function for the body
Integumentary System skin, hair, sweat glands, oil glands
Skeletal System - support and hematopoiesis Bones, joints, cartilage and tendons
Common Skeletal blood tests Calcium, Phosphorous, uric acid, vitamin D
Flexion bending a joint
Extension straightening a joint
Muscular System - movement smooth muscle-internal muscles / skeletal (striated) muscle - skeletal / Heart (cardiac)
Muscular System Lab Tests Creatine Phosphokinase (CK, CPK)/ Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) /
Nervous System - sensing and interpreting motor neurons - movement / sensory neurons - interpretation
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
Respiratory System - Transport oxygen Inhale oxygen (O2), Exhale Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Respiratory lab tests ABG (arterial blood gas) / CBG Capillary blood gas
Digestive System - Break down food to chemicals and excrete waste Mouth, teeth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum, anus / liver & pancreas
Digestive lab tests occult blood, O&P, hepatitis, amylase
Urinary System - Filters blood, excretes waste kidney, ureters, bladder, urethra
Urinary System lab tests UA (urinalysis), BUN, Creatinine
Endocrine System - hormones keep body in balance Endocrine glands
Common lab tests for endocrine system T3, T4, TSH, ADH, glucose, glucagon, ACTH,
Reproductive System - Maintaining the species
Created by: rjmtoss