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Van Presto

Chapter 18 Section 1

absolute monarch a ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or her people
divine right This concept held that the monarchs received their power from God and therefore must not be challenged.
Charles V: (1500–1558) King of Spain (as Charles I); Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V); from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign.
Peace of Augsburg The agreement signed by Charles V in 1555, which gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant.
El Greco: (c. 1541–1614) Greek painter in Spain; chiefly religious in nature, his works express the spirit of the Counter, or Catholic, Reformation.
Philip II son of Charles V; ruled the Netherlands, Spain, Sicily, and Spain’s colonies in the Americas
Diego Velasquez Another painter; created masterpieces that portray people of all social classes with great dignity; had the privilege of being the court painter.
Miguel de Cervantes The greatest Spanish writer in the golden age of Spanish Literature; his most famous work is Don Quixote de la Mancha
Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz A Mexican nun; she wrote poetry, prose, and plays. Church officials criticized her for some of her ideas, for example, her belief that women had a right to education.
Spanish Armada The great fleet, which was called invincible, or unbeatable, that Philip II ordered his navy to assemble; sailed into the English Channel in 1588; defeated by the English navy under Queen Elizabeth I.
Created by: ladymacbeth1027