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Global Studies

Classical Civilizations (c. 1000 BC-500 AD)

TermDefinition
Classical Civilizations (c. 1000 BC-500 AD) Greek city-states Athens and Sparta, Rome, India and China
Golden Age A period of great achievements in art, literature, math, and science
city-state independent; had its own government and land; most famous are Athens and Sparta
Sparta A military society where men spent almost all of their lives training for warfare; very little freedom
Athens first democracy in the world;focused heavily on culture; philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle; polytheistic; olympics and Alexander the Great
Hellenistic the mixture of Greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Indian culture that took place in the areas that Alexander conquered.
democracy a form of government in which people can vote
Rome began as a small city-state but eventually created a large empire by conquering the regions that surrounded the Mediterranean Sea (i.e.- Western Europe, coast of Northern Africa, Greece, Anatolia, and Western Asia)
Roman roads Allowed Romans to unite the areas of their empire and grow wealthy from trade
Twelve Tables of Rome Written set of laws that stated the rules of behavior for members of Roman society
Pax Romana Means “Roman Peace.” This was the 200-year Golden Age of Rome
Classical India Two main dynasties (families of rulers): The Maurya Dynasty and the Gupta Dynasty
Asoka Ruler of India; Maurya Dynasty; displayed laws on tall rock pillars; converted to Buddhism during his reign and is known for his kind treatment of people and animals.
Gupta Dynasty the GOLDEN AGE of India; achievements include the invention of zero in mathematics, the development of Sanskrit writing, and beautiful Buddhist paintings.
Caste System people born into social class (caste); four main castes were Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaisyas (merchants and artisans), and Sudras (laborers). The Untouchables (they had the worst jobs).
Classical China ruled by two main dynasties (families of rulers): The Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty.
philosophy of Legalism Believes that humans are evil and that harsh punishments are needed to keep order in society
Han Dynasty ruled for 400 years; grew wealthy through trade because of the system of ROADS
Civil Service System government positions were given only to skilled people who passed difficult exams.
Silk Road a long trade route that extended about 4,000 miles from China to the Mediterranean Sea
Cultural Diffusion the exchange of goods and ideas between societies
Ideas about Law in Rome legal ideas developed like "innocent until proven guilty" that we use today
polytheistic belief in many gods
Olympic Games games held in Greece every 4 years to honor Zeus
Alexander the Great famous GREEK leader who conquered Greece, Egypt, Persia and part of India
Dynasty families of rulers
Legalism believes humans are EVIL - harsh punishments needed to keep order
Created by: dawn_pierson