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Ch. 19 vocab

world history ch. 19 vocab

Ancien Regime a political or social system that has been displaced, typically by one more modern.
Jacques Necker a French statesman of Swiss birth and finance minister of Louis XVI, a post he held in the lead-up to the French Revolution in 1789.
Cahiers an exercise book or notebook.
Tennis Court Oath a pivotal event during the first days of the French Revolution. The Oath was a pledge signed by 576 of the 577 members from the Third Estate who were locked out of a meeting of the Estates-General
National Assembly an elected legislature in various countries.
Bastille a fortress in Paris, known formally as the Bastille Saint-Antoine. It played an important role in the internal conflicts of France and for most of its history was used as a state prison by the kings of France.
Bourgeoisie the middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes.
Deficit Spending government spending, in excess of revenue, of funds raised by borrowing rather than from taxation.
Great Fear French Grande Peur, (1789) in the French Revolution, a period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumours of an “aristocratic conspiracy” by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate.
Tricolor a flag with three bands or blocks of different colors, esp. the French national flag with equal upright bands of blue, white, and red.
Legislative Assembly legislature of France from 1 October 1791 to September 1792 during the years of the French Revolution.
Declaration of Pilnitz was a statement issued on 27 August 1791 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden (Saxony) by the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Frederick William II of Prussia.
Jacobins a member of a democratic club established in Paris in 1789. The Jacobins were the most radical and ruthless of the political groups formed in the wake of the French Revolution, and in association with Robespierre they instituted the Terror of 1793–4.
Faction in nouns of action derived from verbs ending in
Èmigrè a person who has left their own country in order to settle in another, usually for political reasons.
Republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Committee of Public safety created in March 1793 by the National Convention and then restructured in July 1793, formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror (1793–1794), a stage of the French Revolution.
Maximilien Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.
Directory a book of directions for the conduct of Christian worship, esp. in Presbyterian and Roman Catholic churches.
Olympe de Gouges born Marie Gouze, was a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience
La Marseillaise is the national anthem of France. The song was written and composed in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle during the French Revolutionary Wars, and was originally titled "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin".
Jacques Louis David David: French neoclassical painter who actively supported the French Revolution (1748-1825)
Suffrage the right to vote in political elections.
Nationalism patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
Secular not subject to or bound by religious rule; not belonging to or living in a monastic or other order.
Consulate the period of office of a Roman consul.
Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801. It solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France and brought back most of its civil status.
Napoleonic Code was not the first legal code to be established in a European country with a civil legal system; it was preceded by the Codex Maximilianeus bavaricus civilis.
Confederation of the Rhine The Confederation of the Rhine was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.
Battle of trafalgar was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
Continental System Blockade (known in French as Blocus continental) was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars.
Plebiscite the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution.
Annex append or add as an extra or subordinate part, esp. to a document.
Blockade an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Joseph Bonaparte was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).
Duke of Wellington Wellington: British general and statesman; he defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; subsequently served as Prime Minister (1769-1852)
Marie Louise Marie-Louise is a 1944 German-language Swiss film directed by Leopold Lindtberg and an uncredited Franz Schnyder. It was the first ever foreign language film to win an Academy Award.
Scorched Earth policy a military strategy of burning or destroying buildings, crops, or other resources that might be of use to an invading enemy force.
Warerloo a town in central Belgium where in 1815 Napoleon met his final defeat
Clemens Von Metternich was a politician and statesman of Rhenish extraction and one of the most important diplomats of his era, serving as the Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire from
Quadruple Alliance was a treaty signed in Paris on 20 November 1815 by the United Kingdom, Austria, Prussia, and Russia.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids,
Abdicate renounce one's throne.
Legitimacy lawfulness by virtue of being authorized or in accordance with law
Created by: corbinbogart