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HUG ch9 vocab

TermDefinition
CBD the commercial and often geographic heart of a city.
synekism the union of several small urban settlements under the rule of a "capital" city
urban characterized by higher population density and vast human features in comparison to the areas surrounding it.
city a relatively large and permanent human settlement.
agricultural village A relatively small village, where most of the population was involved in agriculture.
agricultural surplus agricultural production in excess which the producer needs for his own sustenance for his family and then sold for consumption by the market
social stratification the hierarchical or vertical division of society according to rank, caste, or class
leadership class Group of decision-makers and organizers in early cities who controlled the resources, and often the lives, of others.
first urban revolution The historical emergence of cities and urbanism.
mesopotmamia Region of great cities
nile river valley Chronologially the second urban hearth dating back to 3200 BCE.
indus river valley Chronoligcally the third urban hearth dating back to 2200 BCE. 
huang he and wei river valleys Rivers in present-day China
mesoamerica a region and cultural area in the Americas
peru Republic in western South America
secondary hearth an early adopter of a cultural practice or trait that becomes a central locale from which the practice or trait further diffuses
acropolis a citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city
agora a public open space used for assemblies and markets
site The internal physical attributes of a place, including its absolute location, its spatial character and physical setting.
situation The external location attributes of a place; its relative location or regional position with reference to other nonlocal places.
urban morphology The study of the physical form and structure of urban places
functional zonation The division of a city into different regions, or zones
forum a place, meeting, or medium where ideas and views on a particular issue can be exchanged
trade-area Area where a large trade organization is taken place
rank-size rule the distribution of city sizes around the world, the sizes of businesses, the sizes of particles, the lengths of rivers, the frequencies of word usage
primate area A country's largest city-ranking atop the urban hierarchy-most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital as well.
central place theory theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human settlements in an urban system.
sunbelt phenomenon the movement of millions of americans from north and northestern states to south and southwest regions
zone an area or stretch of land having a particular characteristic, purpose, or use, or subject to particular restrictions.
central city a heavily populated city at the center of a large metropolitan area.
suburb an outlying district of a city, esp. a residential one
suburbanization Movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions 
concentric zone model A structural model of the American central city that has five concentric land-use rings arranged around a common center.
edge cities the shifting focus of urbanization in the United States of America, away from the Central Business District
megacites a very large city, typically one with a population of over ten million people
griffin-ford model a model of the Latin American city showing a blend of traditional elements of Latin America culture
shanty towns Unplanned slum development on the marigins of cities
disamenity sector The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs and drug lords
mcgee model a model showing similar land-use patterns among the medium-sized cities of Southeast Asia.
zoning laws the practice of designating permitted uses of land based on mapped zones which separate one set of land uses from another
redlining in which members of minority groups are prevented from obtaining money to purchase homes or property in predominately white neighborhoods
mcmansions a large modern house that is considered ostentatious and lacking in architectural integrity.
urban sprawl Unrestricted growth in many American urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning.
new urbanism an urban design movement which promotes walkable neighborhoods containing a range of housing and job types.
gated communities a residential area with roads that have gates to control the movement of traffic and people into and out of the area.
informal economy part of an economy that is not taxed, monitored by any form of government or included in any gross national product
world city Dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy.
spaces of consumption areas of a city the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services driven primarily by the global media industry
Created by: maddykeilholz