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Ch 12 Vocab. Ap Geo.

Vocabulary for chapter 12 of The cultural landscape an intro. to human geography

TermDefinition
Basic industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Business services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Central place market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Central place theory theory that explains the distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services
City-state sovereign state comprising a city & its immediate hinterland
Clustered rural settlement rural settlement in which the houses & farm building of each family are situated close to each other, with fields surrounding the settlement
Central place theory Part 2 larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther
Consumer services businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services & education, health, & leisure activities
Dispersed rural settlement rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages
Economic base community's collection of basic industries
Enclosure movement process of consolidating small land-holdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th century
Gravity model model which holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location & inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service
Market are (hinterland) area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods & services
Nonbasic industries area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods & services
Primate city largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Primate city rule pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Public services services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and business
Range (of a service) maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank-size rule pattern of settlements in a country such that the Nth largest settlement is 1/N the population of the largest settlement
Service any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
Settlement permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
Threshold minimum number of people needed to support a service
Urbanization increase in the percentage of the number of people living in urban settlements
Created by: ivanderzon17
 

 



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