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chapter 11 vocab

TermDefinition
nationalism a devotion to the interests and culture of ones nation.
militarism the development of armed forces by their use as a tool of diplomacy.
allies the Triple Entente; consisted of France, Britain, and Russia.
central powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, together with the Ottoman Empire (mostly middle eastern lands) controlled by the Turks.
archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austrian throne.
no man's land a barren expanse of mud pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire.
trench to warfare in which armies fought for mere yards of ground, continued for over 3 years.
Lusitania British Liner (boat)
Zimmermann note a telegram from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico that was intercepted by British agents.
Eddie Rickenbacker famous fighter pilot of World War I
Selective Service Act need for more fighting power
convoy system in which a heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groups.
American Expeditionary Force included men from widely separated parts of the country.
General John J. Pershing led the American Expeditionary Force
Alvin York one of Americas greatest war heros, became famous. a redheaded mountaineer and blacksmith from tennessee.
conscientious objector a person who opposes warfare on moral grounds
armistice or truce that ended the war.
War Industries Board the main regulatory body.established in 1917 and recognized in 1918 under the leadership of Bernard M. Baruch
Bernard M. Baruch a prosperous businessman
propaganda the committee on public information
George Creel the head of CPI, former muckraking journalist
Espionage and Sedition Acts a person could be fined up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the war effort or for saying anything disloyal , profane, or abusive about the government or the war effort
Great Migration a large scale movement of hundreds of thousands of southern blacks to cities in the North
Fourteen Points speech before congress
League of Nations would provide a forum for nations to discuss and settle their grievances without having to resort war
Georges Clemenceau french premier,lived through two German invasions of France and was determined to prevent future invasions
David Lloyd George British prime minister, won reelection on the slogan" Make Germany Pay"
Treaty of Versailies established nine new nations
reparatons war damages, amounting to$33 billion to the allies
war-guilt clause forcing Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting WW1
Henry Cabot Lodge suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression.