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PHS Unit 2

Careers in Healthcare

Associate's Degree awarded by vocational/technical school or community college; requires completion of prescribed two-year course of study
Bachelor's Degree Awarded by college or university; requires completion of prescribed course of study that usually lasts for four or more years
Master's Degree Awarded by a college or university; requires completion of one ore more years beyond a bachelor's degree
Doctorate Degree Awarded by college or university; requires completion of two or more years beyond a bachelor's or master's degree; some require four to six years of additional study
Purpose of certification, Registration & Licensure to ensure skill and competency of healthcare workers and to protect patients
Certification issued if person fulfills requirements of education and performance and meets standards and qualifications established (not REQUIRED to work in that career field)
Registration REQUIRED of some careers; professional/state agencies administer examinations and maintain a current list (the "registry") of qualified individuals
Licensure Authorizes individuals to work in an occupation; Person required to 1) complete approved education program, 2) pass a STATE board exam, and 3) Maintain certain standards (CEC)
Aide/Assistant Up to one year of training (classroom and on-the-job training); examples: Dental assistant, nursing aide
Purpose of an Accrediting Agency is? Ensures that a program of study meets established quality competency standards
Purpose of Continuing Education Credits (CEC) is? Required to renew licenses, and maintain registration/certificaiton
Technician Associate's degree, or on-the-job training; examples: dental laboratory technician, surgical technician
Technologist 3-4 years of college (bachelor's degree), plus work experience; examples: Occupational Therapist, Respiratory Therapist
Professional 4 years of college (bachelor's) and an advanced degree; examples: dentist, physician, nurse
Therapeutic Services Cluster/Pathway Maintain or change the health status of the patient over time; examples: nurse, physician, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist
Diagnostic Services Cluster/Pathway Create a picture of patient health at a single point and time; examples: Electroencephalographic technologist, medical laboratory technician, radiologic technician
Health Informatics Cluster/Pathway Provide functions that support and document patient care; examples: admitting clerk, epidemiologist, medical librarian
Support Services Cluster/Pathway Provide a therapeutic environment for the delivery of health care; examples: central supply worker, housekeeper
Biotechnology Research & Development Cluster/Pathway uses scientific and technical advancements to enhance diagnostic and therapeutic abilities in health care; examples: biomedical engineer, forensic scientist
Purpose of the National Health Care Skill Standards (NHCSS) is Developed to indicate knowledge and skills expected of healthcare workers in a specific cluster/pathway
Athletic Trainer Prevent, recognize, manage, & rehabilitate injuries that result from physical activity
Massage Therapist Apply manual techniques to manipulate soft tissue
Occupational Therapist Work with people who are having difficulty participating in their daily living and working environments due to mental, physical, developmental or emotional disabilities
Physical Therapist Work with patients to help them regain their physical strength
Recreational Therapist Provide activities and recreational opportunities to people with disabilities and illnesses
Respiratory Therapist Treat patients who have difficulty breathing because of heart-lung problems
Speech Language Pathologist Evaluate and treat patients with speech, hearing, language and swallowing problems
Audiologist Help people with hearing and balance disorders.
Chiropractic Care Complementary medicine that focuses on mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal systems
Phlembotomist Draw blood samples by puncture of the veins
Dental Hygienist clean teeth, apply fluorides and sealants to teeth and conduct X-rays
Oral Surgeon Surgery of the mouth and jaw
Orthodontics correction of teeth placement and facial structures
Periodontics Treat the gums and supporting structures
Health Information Administrator Plan, develop, organize, manage and direct the medical information system for healthcare facilities
Social Worker Work with individual or groups with problems such as poverty, illness, substance abuse or child, spouse or elder abuse.
Certified Nurses Aide (CNA) Basic nursing skills; earned with 15 -22 weeks of training and are certified.
Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN) help care for ill or injured people and perform health maintenance duties under the direction of physicians, dentists and registered nurses; 1 year of training with a certification
Registered Nurse (RN) observe patients to assess symptoms, reactions to treatment, and progress. Manage CNAs and LVNs; must have an associates or bachelors and be certified.
Pharmacist dispense medications prescribed by physicians, dentists, and other authorized medical practitioners
Electrocardiographic (EKG) Technician operate noninvasive equipment which prints graphic tracings of electrical impulses transmitted by the heart
What career pathway/cluster is a Healthcare Administrator? Health Informatics
What pathway/cluster is an Electrocardiographic (EKG) technician? Diagnostic
Optometrist Vision care - exam, diagnosis, treat and manage eye diseases.
Emergency Medical Technician provides emergency, pre-hospital care to accident victims
Licensed vocational nurse helps care for the ill or injured people and performs health maintenance duties under the direction of a physician or registered nurse
Healthcare administrator manages the operations of healthcare facilities
Created by: vorachekt



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