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Anoxia being in a state of without oxygen
Apnea being without breaths
Atelectasis condition of incomplete dilation
Bradypnea slow breathing
Bronchitis inflammation/infection of the bronchus
Cyanosis condition of turning blue due to lack of oxygen and high levels of carbon dioxide
Dyspnea painful breathing
Embolism disease of the embolus from a specific cause
Eupnea normal or good breathing
Emphysema condition in the lungs of being inflated and distended
Hypoxemia condition of the blood lacking oxygen
Pleurisy condition of inflammation in the pleura
Pneumonia infection in some or all the lobes of the lungs
Tachypneic pertaining to fast breathing
Tracheostomy a surgically created opening in the trachea
Tuberculosis abnormal condition of the nodule
Orthopnea breathing that is only comfortable in a straight up position
Bronchial pertaining to the bronchus
Asthmatic pertaining to asthma
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease pertaining to a barrier blocking oxygen in the lungs for a period of time
Cystic Fibrosis pertaining to cysts and fibers in the pancreas not the lungs
Bronchopneumonia condition in the lungs affecting the bronchus
Pneumococcal pertaining to spherical bacterium in the lungs
Bronchospasm sudden, involuntary muscle contractions of the bronchus
Circumoral pertaining to around the mouth
Oximeter instrument used to measure oxygen
Spirometry process of measuring breathing
Ventilation the process of having movement of air
Perfusion the action of blood flowing throughout
Cardiopulmonary Resusitation pertaining to the process of reviving the heart
Thoracocentesis the procedure of puncturing the thorax
Alveolar pertaining to the alveolus (the air sac)
Thoracic pertaining to the thorax (chest)
Pleural pertaining to the pleura
Intercostal Retractions pertaining to retractions between the ribs
Endotracheal Intubation pertaining to the process of a tube going into the trachea
Expectorant pertaining to away from the chest
Aspiration the process of breathing in
Auscultation the process of listening
Larynx the voice box
Tracheal pertaining to the trachea
Epiglottic pertaining to above the glottis
Panlobar pertaining to all of the lobes of organs
Hemoptysis the abnormal condition of coughing up blood
Hemothorax blood in the thorax (chest)
Asphyxia the decrease of heart rate and blueness of skin that occur because of abnormally high CO2 levels and low O2 levels
Lobectomy the surgical removal of a lobe of an organ
Mediastinum an irregularly shaped area that contains the trachea
Sternum breast bone
Laryngoscope Instrument used to examine the larynx
Pneumonectomy surgical removal of the lung
Bronchoscopy the process of using an instrument to examine the bronchus
Ventilator person who produces the movement of air
Thoracotomy process of cutting the thorax
Purulent pertaining to pus
Inhalation the process of breathing in
Expiration the process of breathing out
Carboxyhemoglobin a substance made up of blood and carbon monoxide shaped like a globe
Cardiopulmonary pertaining to the heart and lung
Oxyhemoglobin a substance made up of oxygen and blood shaped like a globe
Hypoxia the condition of a deficient amount of oxygen
Hypercapnia a condition of having more carbon dioxide than normal
Mucosa a mucus membrane that produces thin mucus
Nasal Cavity pertaining to the hollow space in the nose
Parenchyma the functional part of the lung
Parietal pleura pertaining to the wall cavity of the lung membrane
Paroxysmal an episode of tachycardia that occurs suddenly and goes away without treatment
Empyema condition in the lungs of pus
Pneumothorax large volume of air in the lungs in the chest
Alveoli many air sacs in the lung
Antiussive pertaining to against coughing
Bronchodilator person who dilates the bronchus
Antibiotic pertaining to against living organisms
ABG Arterial blood gases
AFB Acid fast bacillus
AP anteroposterior
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome; adult respiratory distress syndrome
BS breath sounds
C & S culture and sensitivity
CF cystic fibrosis
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CXR chest x-ray
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
DOE dyspnea on exertion
ETT endotracheal tube
LLL left lower lobe
LUL left upper lobe
MDI metered-dose inhaler
O2 oxygen
PA posteroanterior
PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PFTs pulmonary function test
RA room air
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RLL right lower lobe
RML right middle lobe
RUL right upper lobe
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB short of breath
TB tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
V/Q ventilation-perfusion
Created by: Beckster_Bug