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Geography

Hon World History

QuestionAnswer
Geography the study of earth-its land, water, plant and animal life; it describes people* and the places* they have created
History the study of people* and places* overtime
What are the 5 themes of geography? 1.Location 2.Place 3.Human & Environmental Interaction 4.Movement 5.Regions
Cartographer map-maker
Legend/Key explains symbols used on the map
Scale explains how distances are measured on a map
Absolute Location the latitude and longitude of a place does not change
Relative Location how a place relates to another place; it does change over time
Plains large areas of flat land
Plateau raised areas of flat land
Mountains 2,000 to 20,000 feet
Regions a unit of space characterized by a common element which can be physical (desert region) or cultural(language)
Latitude also called parallels; drawn from east to west on a map or globe; they measure distances of north to south of the equator
Longitude also called meridians; drawn from north to south on a globe; they measure distances east or west of the Prime Meridian
What are the types of maps? 1. General Purpose a. physical map b. political map 2. Special Purpose 3. Landsat
General Purpose show a ride range of general information
Physical Map shows natural features like mountains
Political Map shows bounderies between nations/states
Special Purpose show information on specific topics like climate, vegetation, and battle sites
Landsat map made by photographers taken by satellites in space are used to study mountain ranges, oceans, and changes to earth's environment
What percent of the land covers the earth? 30%
What percent water covers the earth? 70%
What is the largest ocean? Pacific Ocean
What is the largest River? The River Nile
Tropical Climate temperature change little; include tropical rain forest which is wet and hot with dense vegetation (South America) and the tropical savanna which has a wet and dry season, grasslands with few trees (India & Africa)
Mid-Latitude Climates variety of climates and temperature changes with seasons
Polar/High Latitude very cold polar regions and mountainous regions
Dry Climate receives little to no rain; high day temperatures cold nights
Renewable Resources can be replaced as they are used such as plant and animal life
Nonrenewable Resource takes millions of years to form, such as coal and oil
Created by: sossenkopp