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World History Test

Ch. 7 Test

What happened on July 14, Bastille day? mob storming a prison looking for gunpowder, killed guards, and put their heads on pipes
List the 3 stated “slogans of the Revolution” liberty, equality, fraternity(brotherhood)
Explain the “Declaration of the Rights of Man” men are born and remain free and equal in rights
Explain the tax system in France before the French Revolution inequality; the third estate paid all taxes for the first and second estate
How did the bourgeoisie differ from the rest of the Third Estate? The bourgeoisie most strongly embraced the ideas of the Enlightenment
What happened when King Louis called the meeting of the Estates general? conflict over the number of votes
Who was safe from the guillotine during the Reign of Terror? No one
Which group most strongly embraced the ideas of the Enlightenment? bourgeoisie
What group forced Robespierre from power and eventually executed him? his fellow revolutionaries
Which group imposed the Reign of Terror? the Committee of Public Safety
Why did the National Assembly lose the support of the majority of French peasants? because it took away the Catholic Church’s lands and independence
What issue led to the first meeting of the estates general in 175 years? proposed tax of second estate
List Napoleons accomplishments. tax system, made Lycees, Napoleonic Code (national banking system), merit based government
How did Admiral Nelson win the battle of Trafalgar? used unconventional tactics, divided ships into smaller groups, destroyed smaller groups
What is a plebiscite? vote of the people
What were Lycees? public schools
What title did Napoleon take when he crowned himself? Emperor of France
What was the concordat? peace treaty between Napoleon and the pope
Describe Napoleon’s 100 Days escapes Elba, raises an army, loses at Waterloo
Which of Napoleon’s actions caused the “greatest human loss?" invasion of Russia
What battle ended Napoleon’s plans to invade Britain? Battle of Trafalgar
What system caused Britain to form its own blockade? Continental system
How did Alexander I and the Russians defeat Napoleon? scorched earth policy
What one trait did Napoleon NOT possess? humility
Why did Napoleon attack Portugal? to enforce the Continental System
List the Goals of the Congress of Vienna restore balance of power, restore legitimate monarchies, contain France
Who was the most influential member at the Congress of Vienna? Klemens von Metternich
Explain von Metternich’s beliefs about government. Metternich did NOT believe in democracy
Why and where did Nationalism grow after the Revolution and the Congress of Vienna? South America/Latin America because ideas spread
Why did Napoleon sell the Louisiana territory? to fight wars in Europe
In what countries were the monarchies restored after the Congress of Vienna? Spain
Who wanted to create a republic of virtue through the Reign of Terror? Robespierre
What revolutionary writer was stabbed by another revolutionary? Marat
What execution device was invented for humane goals, but used in contradiction of them? guillotine
What is the assembly of representatives from all three estates? Estates General
Which estate is made up of clergy of Roman Catholic Church? First Estate
Which estate is made up of rich nobles and held the highest offices in government? Second Estate
Which estate includes bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers? Third Estate
What is the social and political system of France where the people of France were divided into three large social classes, or estates? Old Regime
What is made up of the Third Estate delegates that passed laws and reforms in the name of the French people? National Assembly
Who are the middle class made up of bankers, factory owners, merchants, professionals, and skilled artisans? Well educated and believed strongly in enlightened ideals of liberty and equality. Bourgeoisie
When Third Estate delegates broke down a door to an indoor tennis court, pledging to stay until they had drawn up a new constitution? Tennis Court Oath
What is the wave of panic that rolled through France when peasants became outlaws and broke into nobles houses and destroyed the legal papers that bound them to feudal dues and forced the kind and out of the palace? Great Fear
What is the legislative body created by a limited constitutional monarchy that had the power to create laws and to approve or reject declaration of war, but king still held the executive power to enforce laws? Legislative assembly
Who fled France in hope to undo the Revolution and restore the Old Regime? Émigrés
Who were called “those without knee branches” and were Parisian workers and small shopkeepers that wanted the Revolution to bring even greater changes to France? Sans-culottes
Who are the people that want to radically change government? Left-wing
Who are the people who want few to no changes in government? Right-wing
What was execution device used to behead humans? Guillotine
Created by: aemiller