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Marissa Russo

Chapter 11 Vocabulary

Nationalism a devotion to the interests and culture of ones nation.
Militarism the policy of building up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
Allies in World War I the group of nations originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and Russia and later joined by the United States, Italy, and others that opposed the Central Powers
Central Powers the group of nations, led by Germany, Austria- Hungary and the Ottoman Empire that opposed the Allies in World War I.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austrian throne.
No Man's Land an occupied region between opposing armies.
Trench Warfare military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield.
Lusitania British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat in 1915
Zimmermann Note a message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the Germman ambassador in Mexico proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico , and Arizona if the United States entered World War I.
Eddie Richenbacker famous fighter pilot in World War I.
Selective Service Act law, enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service.
Convoy System the protection of merchant ships from U-boat German submrine attack attack by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditionary Force the U.S. forces, led by General John Pershing who fought with the Allies in Europe during World War I.
General John J. Pershing the commander of the American Expeditionary Force
Alvin York one of the greatest war heroes.
Conscientious Objector a person who refuses on moral grounds to participate in warfare.
Armistice a truce or agreement to end armed conflict.
War Industries Board an agency established during World War I to increase efficiency and discouraging waste in war related industries.
Bernard M. Baruch a prosperous business man.
Propaganda a kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.
George Creel the head of the CPI was a former muckraking journalist.
Espionage and Sedition Act two laws enacted in 1917 and 1918 that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I.
Great Migration the largest-scale movement of African Americans from the South to Northern cities in the early 20th century.
Fourteen Points the principles making President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace in World War I.
League of Nations an association of nation established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
Georges Clemenceau the French premier
David Lloyd George the British prime minister
Treaty of Versailles the 1919 peace treaty at the end of World War I which established new nations, borders, and war reparations.
Reparation the compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury it inflicted during a war.
War- Guilt Clause provisions in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for World War I.
Henry Cabot Lodge was suspicious of the provisions for joint economic and military actions against aggression.
Created by: marissa.russo