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Danielle Easterday

Chapter 11 Vocab.

TermDefinition
Nationalism A devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.
Militarism The policy of building up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
Allies In WWI, the group of nations that opposed the Central Powers, consisting of England, France, and Russia, later joined by U.S. and Italy. In WWII, England, Soviet Union, and the U.S. that opposed the Axis powers.
Central Powers The group of nation's-led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire-that opposed the Allies in WWI.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austrian throne, and visited the Bosnian capital Sarajevo. He and his wife were shot there.
"No Man's Land" An unoccupied region between opposing armies.
Trench Warfare Military operations in which opposing force attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than an open battlefield.
Lusitania A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat in 1915.
Zimmermann Note A message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, NM, and Arizona if the U.S. entered WWI.
Eddie Rickenbacker A famous fighter pilot of WWI who was a well-known race car driver before the war.
Selective Service Act A law enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service.
Convoy System The protection of merchant ships from U-boat-German submarine-attacks by having the ship travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) The U.S. forces, led by General John Pershing, who fought with the Allies in Europe during WWI.
Alvin York Became one of America's greatest war heroes fighting in the Meuse-Argonne area and became famous.
Conscientious Objector A person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare.
Armistice A truce, or agreement to end an armed conflict.
General John J. Pershing Led the AEF, and included men from widely separated parts of the country.
War Industries Board An agency established during WWI to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war-related industries.
Bernard M. Baruch A prosperous businessman who was the leader of the War Industries Board.
Propaganda A kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.
George Creel Was the head of the CPI and was a former muckraking journalist.
Espionage and Sedition Acts Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI.
Great Migration The large-scale movement of African Americans from the South to Northern cities in the early 20th century.
Fourteen Points The principles making up President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace following WWI.
League of Nations An association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
Georges Clemenceau A French premier who had lived through two German invasion of France and was determined to prevent future invasions.
David Lloyd George The British prime minister, who won the election with the slogan "Make Germany Pay".
Treaty of Versailles The 1919 peace treaty at the end of WWI which established new nations, borders, and war reparations.
Reparations The compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury inflicted during a war.
War-Guilt Clause A provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for WWI.
Henry Cabot Lodge Had Conservative Senators who were suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression, even though it was voluntary.
Created by: soccerdani15