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Chapter 3

QuestionAnswer
delta an area at the mouth of a river, often triangle-shaped, made up of silt deposits.
cataracts rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls.
Menes First pharaoh of Egypt; he is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt and is said to have founded the city of Memphis, the capital of unified Egypt.
pharaoh ruler of ancient Egypt.
theocracy a government ruled by religious leaders who claim God's authority.
bureaucracy a highly structured organization, often governmental, managed by officials.
Hatshepsut a pharaoh known for encouraging trade.
Ramses the Great a pharaoh that lead his army out of Hittites.
obelisks tall thin pillars with pyramid-shaped tops.
mummification the process of preserving the body with chemicals after death.
hieroglyphics a form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sounds.
papyrus a paper-like material made by ancient Egyptians from the stem of the reedy papyrus plant, which grows in the Nile River delta.
Rosetta Stone a granite stone found in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic characters, and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Piankhi King of ancient Kush; he led the Kushites north into Egypt, conquering all of Egypt and making himself pharaoh.
smelt to melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components.
Created by: lcs1340020