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WH 10: Unit 8

World War I

Militarism The policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for war even during peace time.
Alliances Agreements made between countries to defend each other if attacked.
Imperialism A stronger country taking over a weaker country in order to use its resources
Nationalism The idea of having intense loyalty to one's country, your country is the best country, and you will lay down your life for your country.
Annex To take control of an area, country, or territory.
Trench Warfare Style of warfare in which both sides dig long and deep trenches and hide in them to escape the bullet spray, first used in WWI
Machine Guns Guns which fire rounds automatically, first used in WWI
Submarines Warship that can go below the surface, during WWI the use of submarines that could fire torpedoes through the water became a big part of economic warfare
Tanks The tank, was an armored combat vehicle that moved on chain tracks. Introduced in WWI but were very slow
Poison Gas Gases that were introduced during WWI, and were used by both sides. The gases caused blindness or severe blisters and could kill.
Airplanes WWI introduced airplane warfare. Both sides pushed to build stronger and faster aircraft and began to load weaponize them
Triple Alliance Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Italy pre-WWI
Triple Entente Great Britain, France, and Russia's alliance pre-WWI
"powder keg" of Europe Balkan Peninsula because it was an "unstable" region with 400 years of ethnic and political conflict.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne who was killed by a Serbian nationalist. Brought Serbia into conflict with Austria-Hungary a part of the Triple Alliance
Central Powers Alliance at the start of WWI: Germany, Austria-Hungary, & the Ottoman Empire
Allies (in 1914 when the war began) Alliance between Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, & Serbia at the start of WWI
Allies (in 1917) Alliance between Great Britain, France, and the United States as well as Italy and Serbia
Western Front One of the two areas in which most of the fighting was the border between France & Germany
Eastern Front One of the two areas in which most of the fighting was the border between Germany & Russia
Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II Leader of Russia who abdicated the throne during 1917 and pulled Russia out of WWI
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Treaty signed between Germany and Russia, that let Russia out of the war by giving Germany some of their land and resources.
Lusitania British ocean liner that was carrying American passengers and was hit and sunk by German U-Boats killing hundreds of Americans. One of the two reasons the U.S. enters WWI.
Zimmerman telegram Telegram sent from German officials to officials in Mexico that encouraged Mexico to declare war on the U.S. in doing so they would receive U.S. territory for helping Germany. The U.S. was outraged at the telegram when it was published.
Woodrow Wilson President of the United States during WWI who decided to enter WWI in 1917.
Influenza Deadly outbreak of the flu happened during WWI and killed approximately 1-3% of the world's population.
Amiens The battle of WWI that showed that showed the strength of the Allies
Kaiser Wilhelm II King of Germany during WWI who surrendered his throne and signed the armistice.
Armistice A temporary peace document that calls for a cease fire on all sides while a formal peace treaty is made and signed.
Fourteen Points U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's proposal for postwar peace
The Fourteenth Point on the List of Fourteen Points Called for the creation of an organization that could meet and peacefully negotiate solutions to world conflicts
League of Nations An organization of countries that decided to meet to peacefully negotiate solutions to world conflicts. Based on Woodrow Wilson's fourteenth point. The U.S. refused to join the organization
Paris Peace Conference Is the series of meetings that took place to discuss what the terms of surrender would be after WWI, these meetings took months
Treaty of Versailles The document that resulted from the Paris Peace conference. It established a League of Nations, and put in place many penalties on Germany including reparations and the war-guild clause, took Germany's colonies, and forbid them to have a sizable army
War-Guilt Clause A part of the Treaty of Versailles that assigned Germany full responsibility for the war
Created by: thompsonce