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Ocular Diseases #7

Questions for Systemic Disorders (thru Myasthenia Gravis)

QuestionAnswer
What condition appears as an opaque whitish retina with cherry red spot? Central Retinal Artery Occlusion - CRAO
The leading cause of blindness in African-Americans is ____________. Glaucoma
What is NOT used to treat Wet Macular Degeneration? Macular Peeling
What is NOT seen in Dry ARMD? Edema
What is seen in Dry ARMD?f Hard Drusen / RPE atrophy and pigmentation / Photoreceptor degeneration / Soft Drusen
What is used to treat Wet Macular Degeneration? Anti-VEGF agents, Intravitreal steroids, and PDT (Photo Dynamic Therapy)
What is the leading cause of irreversible central vision loss in people over 50? ARMD
What is the leading cause of preventable blindness in the US? Diabetes
Microaneurysms are seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F True
Hemorrhages are seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F True
Hard and soft exudates are seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F True
Intraretinal microvascular anomalies (IRMA) -new vessels within the retina are seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F True
Neovascularization on disc or on retina is seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F False
Optic nerve swelling (edema) is seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F False
CSME- clinically significant macular edema is seen in the Nonproliferative (Background) stage of diabetes. T or F True
Microaneursms can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F True
Hemorrhages can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F True
Hard and soft exudates can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F True
Intraretinal microvascular anomalies (IRMA) -new vessels within the retina can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F True
Neovascularization on disc or on retina can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F True
Optic nerve swelling (edema) can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F False
CSME- clinically significant macular edema can be seen in proliferative diabetic retinopathy? T or F True
Exophthalmos-proptosis and lagophthalmos can be seen in Grave's Disease? T or F True
Enophthalmos and variable, intermittent ptosis and diplopia can be seen in Grave's Disease? T or F False
Diplopia and eye muscle restriction can be seen in Grave's Disease? T or F True
Corneal exposure problems and Positive T3, TSH tests can be seen in Grave's Disease? T or F True
Postive Tensilon (Edrophonium) test and Ptosis improves with ice application can be seen in Grave's Disease? T or F False
What are three things seen in Myasthenia Gravis? Variable, intermittent ptosis and diplopia / Positive Tensilon (Edrophonium) test / Ptosis improves with ice application
What three things are commonly seen in autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic Lupus, etc.? Dry eye / Scleritis / Uveitis
What are two characteristics of arteriolar sclerosis (hardening of the arteries)? Increased light reflex of arterioles (silver and copper wire effect) and Compression of the vein by the arterioles.
List the five main things a diabetic patient must do/control. Blood sugar / Cholesterol / Blood Pressure / Weight / Smoking
What test is most important in following the course/control of a diabetic? A1C
What two other medical disorders are frequently found in diabetic patients? High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol
The initial stimulus for neovascularization is usually ___________, which causes the release of ______________. Ischemia - VEGF agent
Soft exudates have a _____________ border and are caused by _______________. Blurred - Microinfarction of small arterioles
Hard exudates have a ___________ border and are due to __________________. Sharp - Leakage of protein from vessels
What is the main cause of decreased vision in non-proliferative (background) diabetic retinopathy? CSME
What is the stage of retinopathy just prior to proliferative stage called? Pre-proliferative
What three things are true of Multiple Sclerosis? Always have more than one episode of optic neuritis / Central visual field defect / Most common in females 20-40
Histoplasmosis may have the following three things. Macular hemorrhage / Peripheral punched out retinal lesions witch are diagnostic / Common in the Ohio Valley area
Toxoplasmosis may have the following three things. Macular hemorrhage / Spread by cat or puppy / Most common in anyone over age 40
Toxocara may have the following two things. Macular hemorrhage / Spread by cat or puppy
Sarcoidosis is usually a non-granulomatious uveitis. T or F False
Sarcoidosis is usually a granulomatous uveitis. T or F True
Sarcoidosis is an autoimmune disorder. T or F True
Sarcoidosis is most common in Caucasians. T or F False
Sickle cell anemia is mostly found in ____________________ is ________________ and _________________ of the retina may occur. African-Americans - Hereditary - Neovascularization
_________________ and ______________________ are the most common metastatic tumors to the eye. Breast cancer - Lung cancer
Retinoblastoma occurs in teenagers. T or F False
Retinoblastoma occurs in infants. T or F True
Retinoblastoma has a high treatment success rate. T or F True
Retinoblastoma can appear as a strabismus and a white reflex might be seen. T or F True
Retinoblastoma has an average treatment success rate. T or F False
Created by: Leequa