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Digestive System

Medical Terminology

anoplasty surgical repair of the anus
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
biliverdin green bile pigment
buccogingival pertaining to the cheeks and gums
cecopexy surgical repair or fixing of the cecum to correct excessive mobility
celioma tumor in the abdomen
choleic pertaining to bile
cholangiogram x-ray image of the bile vessels
cholecystectomy removal of the gallbladder
choledochotomy incision into the common bile duct
colectomy removal of all or part of the colon
duodenitis inflammation of the duodenum
enteropathy any intestinal disease
esophagoscopy examination of the interior of the esophagus
gastralgia stomachache
glossopharyngeal of the tongue and pharynx
glucogenesis formation of glucose
glycosuria abnormal excretion of carbohydrates in urine or sugar in urine
glycogenolysis breakdown of glycogen to glucose
hepatitis liver disease or inflammation
ileitis inflammation of the ileum
jejunostomy surgical opening to the outside of the body for the jejunum
labioplasty surgical repair of lips
linguodental pertaining to tongue and teeth
orofacial pertaining to mouth and face
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
pharyngotonsillitis inflammation of tonsils and pharynx
proctologist specialist in study and treatment of diseases of the anus and rectum
pylorospasm involuntary contraction of the pylorus
rectoabdominal of the rectum and abdomen
sialism excessive secretion of saliva
sialoadenitis inflammation of the salivary glands
sigmoidoscopy visual examination of the sigmoid colon
steatorrhea greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces
stomatitis inflammation of the lining of the mouth
an(o) anus
append(o), appendic(o) appendix
bil(o), bili bile
bucc(o) cheek
cec(o) cecum
celi(o) abdomen
chol(e), cholo bile
cholangi(o) bile vessel
cholecyst(o) gallbladder
choledoch(o) common bile duct
col(o), colon(o) colon
duoden(o) duodenum
enter(o) intestines
esophag(o) esophagus
gastr(o) stomach
gloss(o) tongue
gluc(o) glucose
glyc(o) sugar
glycogen(o) glycogen
hepat(o) liver
ile(o) ileum
jejun(o) jejunum
labi(o) lip
lingu(o) tongue
or(o) mouth
pancreat(o) pancreas
periton(eo) peritoneum
pharyng(o) pharynx
proct(o) anus, rectum
pylor(o) pylorus
rect(o) rectum
sial(o) saliva, salivary gland
sialaden(o) salivary gland
sigmoid(o) sigmoid colon
steat(o) fats
stomat(o) mouth