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MOD G - Theory - Physical Therapy

DISORDERS THAT RESPOND TO PHYSICAL THERAPY: *strokes *burns *muscle spasms *muscle injury/disease *arthritis *low back pain *bed sores
PHYSICAL THERAPY: The treatment of disorders w/ physical & mechanical agents & methods to restore normal function after injury or illness.
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY: The use of activities to help restore independent functioning after an injury or illness.
SPEECH THERAPY: The diagnosis & treatment of speech disorders.
SPORTS MEDICINE: A branch of medicine that specializes in the treatment & prevention of injuries caused by athletic participation.
JOINT MOBILITY TESTING aka: ROM (range of motion).
GONIOMETER: An instrument which measures joint movement.
MUSCLE STRENGTH TESTING: Tests muscle strength to determine the amount of force the patient is able to exert w/ a muscle or group of muscles.
GAIT TESTING: Patients length of stride, balance, coordination, direction of knees, and direction of feet.
CONVEX: Outward curve.
CONCAVE: Inward curve.
THERAPEUTIC MOBILITY'S take advantage of the properties of: Heat, cold, electricity and water.
HEAT THERAPY aka: Thermotherapy.
COLD THERAPY aka: Cryotherapy.
MOIST & DRY HEAT includes: Hot soaks, hot compress & paraffin bath.
2 TYPES OF ELECTRICAL THERAPY: ENS (Electroneural stimulation) & TENS (Transcutaneous electroneural stimulation)
WATER THERAPY aka: Hydrotherapy.
WATER THERAPY includes: Whirlpools, contrast bath & water aerobics.
ACTIVE EXERCISE: Self-directed & performed by patient w/out assistance.
PASSIVE EXERCISE: Performed by another person w/ no voluntary participation from patient.
ASSISTED EXERCISE: Helps patient voluntarily move weakened muscles w/ use of assisted device.
ACTIVE RESISTANCE EXERCISE: Provides voluntary movement against various types of manual or mechanical pressure to increase muscle strength.
5 TYPES OF TRACTION: Manual Traction, Static Traction, Skin Traction, Skeletal Traction, Mechanical Traction.
MANUAL TRACTION: Using hands to manipulate affected area.
STATIC/SKIN TRACTION: Uses weights & pulleys to treat affected area.
SKELETAL TRACTION: Used during surgery to insert pins or wires, which are then attached to weights & pulleys.
MECHANICAL TRACTION: Uses a special machine which pulls & relaxes intermittently to stretch the affected area.
CANES: Made of aluminum or wood.
STANDARD CANE aka: Single tip.
QUAD CANE aka: Four leg.
WALK CANE: Third type of cane.
CRUTCHES INCLUDE: Axillary, Forearm aka Lofstrand or Canadian and Platform.
WALKERS INCLUDE: Stationary and Rolling.
WHEELCHAIR: Mobile chairs that enable patients w/ severe conditions to get around.
ABDUCTION: Movement AWAY from the MIDLINE.
CIRCUMDUCTION: Circular movement of a body part.
DORSIFLEXION: Upward movement of body part.
EVERSION: Moving a body part outward.
EXTENSION: Straightening of a body part.
FLEXION: Bending of a body part.
HYPEREXTENSION: Extending a body part beyond its normal limits.
INVERSION: Moving a body part inward.
PLANTAR FLEXION: Downward movement of body part.
PRONATION: Face down; palms face down.
ROTATION: Turing a body part around its axis.
SUPINATION: Face up; palms face up.
Created by: ruthalcala