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Final Test

How did people adjust to life in the Arabian Desert? moved from place to place, used camels, became herders
How did people adjust to life in the oasis environment? settled, farmed, traded with traveling nomads
Who were people who move from place to place? nomads
What are groups of people that are related to each other? clans
Why was the Arabian Peninsula well situated for trade? surrounded by bodies of water in between 3 Asia, Africa, Europe; unique resources
Who was Muhammad? founder of Islam, conquered Mecca; took over Ka’aba
What is the Monotheism? Belief in 1 god
Who is Allah? the god of Islam
What are the 5 Pillars of Islam statement of faith, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage (the hajj)
How did Umayyad Dynasty unify its empire? Arabic language, common money, the hajj pilgrimage
What advancements took place during the Golden Age of the Abbasid Dynasty? arabic numbering system, paper making, calendar, books on math and medicine
What did the Abbasid Empire’s standing army do? controlled the Abbasid empire in times of war and peace
What happened at the Battle of Tours in 732 CE? Charles Martel and the Franks stopped Muslim Empire from expanding into rest of Western Europe
What made al Andulas and Cordoba the leading city of Europe during the Middle Ages? Great Mosque of Cordoba, paved and lighted streets, libraries, scientific and medical advancements
What is the savannah? grassland with scattered trees in West Africa
Why were rivers important to the survival of Africans? irrigation, transportation, trade, communication
What was the major west African river? the Niger River
How did Ghana kings of West Africa become wealthy? by taxing trade
Why were people willing to trade salt for gold? Gold was needed as currency in many empires salt was needed to preserve food; as part of diet
Why did Mali King Mansa Musa bring so much on his pilgrimage to Mecca? to impress others; to establish trade; to encourage people to visit his capital, Timbuktu
What is the griot? African storyteller who passes down oral history
What is the following:kinship to village to city to kingdom? the development of an African Kingdom (urbanization)
What religion did the North African Berbers (traders) bring to West Africa? Islam
How did Islam influence West African Culture during the Middle Ages? Arabic first written language, 5 Pillars of Islam, Muslim Architecture
Mali capital that was a center of trade and learning where the “camel met the canoe”? Timbuktu
Large desert in the Northern section of West Africa? Sahara
What was traded during Kongo and Portugal alliance of the Middle Ages? Kongo got guns, horses, and manufactured goods Portuguese got slaves
What did King Afonso of the Kongo Kingdom when the slave trade went out of hand? Afonso cut off the slave trade, but later called on the Portuguese for help, which reopened it.
Country bordering China in the north that invaded China for its resources? Mongolia
Why did China look to the sea to trade? traveling west on land was too difficult
What type of people served in the bureaucracy? scholars, aristocrats, foreigners
What is the civil service exam? Test scholars had to take for government job
What were China’s Golden Age discoveries and advancements? gunpowder, paper money, compass, clocks, movable type
Why did China begin to use paper money? copper supply running out, paper supply unlimited, lighter to carry and trade
Why did the population of China grow rapidly during the Tang and Song Dynasties? new faster growing rice and better farming technology
Why were the Mongols able to take over China? nomadic people, could move quickly, excellent fighting and horse riding skills
Why did Mongol Ruler of China Kublai Khan appoint foreigners instead of Chinese to government jobs? foreigners were more loyal and dependent on him
Ways the Ming Dynasty was powerful and successful? Forbidden City, finished the Great Wall of China, Zheng He’s fleet
Name some causes for the decline and Fall of Roman Empire. split into 2 parts, capital moved from Rome to Constantinople, bad emperors, Germanic tribes invaded
Name of leader and tribe that conquered Western Roman Empire in 486 and later converted to Christianity. Clovis and the Franks
Name of Eastern part of the Roman Empire that remained 1,000 years longer than the Western part? Byzantine Empire
Term for the split in Christianity over icons that formed the Roman Catholic and Orthodox groups? schism
Spiritual and political leader of the Roman Catholic Church? pope
Name the order of the Roman Catholic Church Pyramid. 1st-pope, 2nd-cardinals, 3rd-bishops,4th-priests, 5th-monks and nuns
Why was the Roman Catholic Church so powerful? had control over peoples’ faith, control over kings, center of culture and education
King of Franks that unified Western Europe by partnering with pope to create the Holy Roman Empire? Charlemagne
People group from Scandinavia that terrorized Europe during the reign of Charlemagne? Vikings
What was the order of the European Feudal pyramid? 1st-King, 2nd-nobles/lords, 3rd-knights, 4th-peasants, serfs
Why did European armies fight in the Crusades despite ultimately not gaining land after 9 of them? to take Jerusalem (Holy Land) from the Muslim Empires
What was the Black Death (the Plague)? disease spread by rats and fleas through trade that killed half of Europe
What rebirth in art, learning, and advancement ended the Middle Ages and brought in the Modern Era? The Renaissance
Created by: sauravdaboss