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Chapter 5

Abdominal Cavity Holds the organs of the digestive and urinary system.
Anterior or Ventral The largest division of the body front side
Blood System Includes blood and all its components
Body Cavity Are the spaces that hold organs
Cardiovascular System Includes the heart and blood vessels and transport blood throughout the body
Cell The entire body is made of cells
Connective Tissue The fibrous substance that holds and connects body parts together
Coronal Plane The imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
Cranial Holds the brain
Deep Away from surface
Diaphragm Is the muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Digestive System The organs that digest and excrete waste
Distal Away from the point of attachment
Dorsal Cavity The largest division of the body the back side
Endocrine System System that includes the glands that secrete the hormones that regulate many of the body's activities
Epigastric Region The area above the stomach
Epithelial Tissue Covers the internal and external body surfaces
Frontal plane The imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
Hypochondriac Regions The two regions just below the cartilage of the ribs, immediately over the abdomen
hypo gastric Region The area just below the umbilical region
Iliae region Near the upper portion of the hip bone
Inferior Means below another structure
Integumentary system System consists of the skin and the accessory structures derived from it
Lateral plane To the side, as the eyes are to the nose
Left lower quadrant Is the abdominal area that contains parts of is the abdominal area that contains parts of the intestines and parts of reproductive organs in females
Left upper quadrant The area of the abdomen that contains the stomach, spleen, and parts of liver and pancreas
Lumbar regions The left and right regions of the body in the back and sides between the lowest ribs and the pelvis
Lymphatic System Include the lymph, the glands and vessels of the lymphatic system
Medial Middle, as nose is to the eyes
Midsagittal Plane Imaginary line that divides the body into equal right an left halves
Muscle Tissue Is able to contract and expand, allowing the body to move
Musculoskeletal System System that supports the body, protects organs, provides body movement, bones, muscle, and cartilage
Nerve Tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and spinal cord from all parts of the body
Nervous System Regulates most body activities and sends and receives massages from the sensory organs
Nervous Tissue Is the main component of the two parts of the nervous system
Organ Group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function
Pelvic Cavity The bottom portion of the abdominal cavity, which contains the reproductive system
Posterior or Dorsal One of the main cavities
Prone A person lying on their abdomen with their face down
Proximal Near the point of attachment to the trunk
Reproductive System Controls reproduction and heredity and is either male or female
Respiratory System The body system that includes the lungs, airways and performs breathing
Right Lower Quadrant Is the abdominal area that contains the appendix , parts of the intestines and parts of the reproductive organs in female
Right Upper Quadrant Area of the abdomen that contains parts of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and intestinal tract
Sagittal or Lateral Plane Plane is parallel to the medial plane and divides the body into left and right sections
Sensory System Covers the eyes and ears and those parts of the other systems
Spinal Cavity Holds the spinal cord
Superficial Near the surface
Superior Above another structure
Supine Lying on their spine facing upward
System Group of organs all work together for a common purpose
Thoracic cavity holds the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels
Tissue Are a group of cells with specialized functions
Transverse Plane Intersects the body horizontally and divides the body into upper and lower sections
Umbilical Region The area surrounding the navel
Urinary System Includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
Ventral Cavity Is the one of the main cavities
Created by: 100001438917889