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Ch 13 Test

The rise of Totalitarian Governments

QuestionAnswer
Comintern Encouraged world-wide communist revolution
Kulaks Were a class of wealthy farmers whom Stalin destroyed
Kellog-Briand Pact Renounced war as an instrument of policy
Gestapo Nazi secret police or Brown shirts
Totalitarian state Is a one-party dictatorship that tries to regulate all aspects of its citizens' lives
Kristallnacht "Night of Broken Glass"
Black Shirts Were militant supporters of Benito Mussolini
Flappers Were liberated young women of the Jazz Age
Surrealism Was an artistic movement that attempts to portray the workings of the unconscious
Gulag A system of over 90 brutal Russian labor camps
Harlem Renaissance An African American cultural awakening
Prohibition U.S. ban on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages
New Deal A massive package of economic and social programs
Benito Mussolini Italian fascist leader
Third Reich Hitler believed his German government would rule Europe for a thousand years
Nuremberg Laws revoked Jews' German citizenship
What was the result of prohibition, which was made law in the United States in 1919? an increase in organized crime.
How did the League of Nations respond when Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931? It condemned japan's action but did nothing to stop it.
U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed a massive package of depression relief called the New Deal.
What was the key characteristics of fascism in the 1920s and 1930s? Supremacy of the state.
On Stalin's collectives, The government provided tractors, fertilizers, and seed.
Stalin attempted to make the cultural life of the Soviet Union more Russian by promoting a policy of Russification.
What 1924 agreement reduced German reparations and provided US. loans to Germany? Dawes Plan.
In 1935, the Nazis passed the Nuremberg Laws which Deprived Jews of German citizenship.
Which statement best characterizes the mood of much of the world at the end of World War I? The sense of optimism had been shattered.
Th country that emerged form World War I in the best financial shape was United States.
One important cause of the Great Depression was Overproduction and falling demand in the United States.
What 1929 event aggravated the economic decline in the United States? The stock market crash
Under Mussolini, Italy became a Constitutional republic.
One appeal of Fascism to Italians was its Promise of an independent judicial system
In what ways did Fascists differ form Communists? Communists wanted to spread communism internationally, Fascists wanted to strenthen their own nation
How did Hitler come to power? He was elected
Created by: Coachwinter