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History Midterm 1

Mrs. Hughes' World History Midterm 1

Emancipation Proclamation An order issued by President Lincoln getting the enslaved people in areas reveling against the Union
Indian Removal Act Called for the relocation of five Indian nations to part of the Louisiana territory in the Great Plains
Monroe Doctrine President Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility by the United States
Dreyfus Affair A trial in which a Jewish man was accused of betraying French military secrets to Germans
Emmeline Pankhurst Fought for women's suffrage by using violence; founder of the Women's Political and Social Union
Millicent Fawcett Fought for women's suffrage peacefully
Libel To print or publish lies
Pennisulares Latin American colonists who were born in Spain
Creoles People of European descent born in the colonies
Anti-Semitism Prejudice towards Jews
Zionist movement To recreate a Jewish state in its original homeland
Queen of England during the Victorian Age Queen Victoria I
Theodor Herzl Called for the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine; wrote the Jewish State
Manifest Destiny A belief shared by many Americans in the mid-1800s that the United States should expand from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Father of Mexican Independence Father Miguel Hidalgo
The effect of the Manifest Destiny on Native Americans Native Americans were forced to move west onto reservations
Chartism The movement in Britain that worked for universal manhood suffrage
The four groups that came together to support Iturbide in his rise to emperor of Mexico Creoles, pennisulares, revolutionaries, and royalists
Disraeli's view on women's voting rights He put forth a reform bill that gave voting rights to women, by was unsuccessful
Cause of the Mexican American War A dispute over Texas
How Brazilian colonists achieved their independence from Portugal They declared their independence from Brazil without any violence
Price Pedro Declared Brazil independent from Portugal
The first independent leader of an independent Brazil Pedro I
The deaths of Hidalgo and Morelos Captured and killed
The two ways that the Dreyfus Affair impacted France Rise of anti-semitism and rise of Zionism
The Liberator Simon Bolivar
The war that caused the US gain of territory in 1848 Mexican-American War
The Reform Act of 1832's affect on the power of the aristocracy in Britain Decreased power of the aristocracy by increasing the number of eligible voters
The Factory Act Limited the working hours of children, made it illegal for teens to work more than 12 hours a day, and children between the ages of 9 and 13 had to receive two hours of schooling a day
The king that was restored to the French throne as a result of the Congress of Vienna Charles X
The revolutionary leader that wanted to unite all of South America into one country Simon Bolivar
The sequence of French leaders during this time period Charles X, Louis Philippe, Louis Napoleon
Trail of Tears An 800-mile march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one fourth of the Cherokee people
Louisiana Purchase The purchase of land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains that nearly doubled the size of the United States
Abraham Lincoln Sixteenth president of the United States; his election lex took the secession of the southern states and the Civil War; Lincoln successfully preserved the Union and issued the Emancipation Proclamation
Abolition Ending of slavery
Emile Zola Wrote and published a letter accusing the French government of anti-semitism
Liberal leader William Gladstone
Conservative Want to preserve the best traditions of the past
Conservative leader Benjamin Disraeli
Michael Sadler Member of parliament whose textile industry investigations led to the Factory Act of 1833
Dominion A self-governing colony
Suffrage The right to vote
Louis Philippe The Citizen King
The first country to grant voting rights to women New Zealand
Antonio Narino Translated the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen into Spanish
Simon Bolivar The Liberator's actions brought independence to Spain's colonies in South America
Miguel Hidalgo Priest known as the Father of Mexican Independence
Toussaint L' Overture Took military and political action against French settlers in Hispaniola
Jose Maria Morelos Creole priest who became the leader of the revolutionary movement in Mexico after Hidalgo' s death
Jose de San Martin Leader who won independence for Argentina and Chile
Haiti Caribbean French colony that declared independence
Augustin de Iturbide Leader who created a three part proposal for the liberation of Mexico
War of 1812 A series of battles between Great Britain and the United States