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Ch 15 vocab

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Henry the Navigator Infante Henry, Duke of Viseu, better known as Henry the Navigator, was an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and the Age of Discoveries in total.
Vasco da Gama D. Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.
Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa (Italy).
Vasco Nunez de Balboa Vasco Núñez de Balboa was a Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He is best known for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513.
Ferdinand Magellan Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who became known for having organised the expedition that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
Cartographer a person who makes maps
atrolabe an instrument formerly used to make astronomical measurements, typically of the altitudes of celestial bodies, and in navigation for calculating latitude, before the development of the sextant.
caravel a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th–17th centuries.
scurvy a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C, characterized by swollen bleeding gums and the opening of previously healed wounds, which particularly affected poorly nourished sailors until the end of the 18th century.
circumnavigate sail all the way around
Pagan a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions.
Anawrahta Anawrahta Minsaw was the founder of the Pagan Empire.
Khmer an ancient kingdom in Southeast Asia that reached the peak of its power in the 11th century, when it ruled the entire Mekong River valley from the capital at Angkor. It was destroyed by Thai conquests in the 12th and 14th centuries.
Suryavarman II Suryavarman II was a Khmer King of the Khmer Empire from 1113 AD to 1145-1150 AD and the builder of Angkor Wat, the largest religious monument in the world which he dedicated to the Supreme God Vishnu.
Trung sisters The Trưng sisters ( c. 12 – AD 43) were leaders who rebelled against Chinese rule for three years, and are regarded as national heroines of Vietnam.
Matrilineal of or based on kinship with the mother or the female line.
Stupa a dome-shaped structure erected as a Buddhist shrine.
Padi The Professional Association of Diving Instructors is the world's largest recreational diving membership and diver training organization founded in 1966 by John Cronin and Ralph Erickson.
Afonso de Albuquerque Afonso de Albuquerque, commonly known as Albuquerque the Great, "O Grande", was a Portuguese general, and a "great conqueror", a statesman, and a leading empire builder.
Robert Clive Major-General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, KB MP FRS, also known as Clive of India, was a British officer who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Bengal.
Outpost a small military camp or position at some distance from the main force, used esp. as a guard against surprise attack.
sepoy an Indian soldier serving under British or other European orders.
Matteo Ricci Matteo Ricci, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th–18th centuries. His current title is Servant of God.
Manchus a member of a people originally living in Manchuria who formed the last imperial dynasty of China (1644–1912).
Kangxi The Kangxi Emperor was the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Pass and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.
Quianlong The Qianlong Emperor was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper. The fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned officially from 11 October 1735 to 8 February 1796.
Hermit Kingdom Hermit kingdom is a term applied to any country, organization, or society which willfully walls itself off, either metaphorically or physically, from the rest
Francis Xavier Francis Xavier, born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta, was a Roman Catholic missionary born in Javier, Kingdom of Navarre, and co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
Created by: corbinbogart