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Chapter 15 VOCAB

Henry the Navigator Infante Henry, Duke of Viseu, better known as Henry the Navigator, was an important figure in the early days of the Portuguese Empire and the Age of Discoveries in total.
Vasco da Gama D. Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira, was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.
Christopher Columbus Columbus: Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Vasco Nunez de Balboa Balboa: Spanish explorer who in 1513 crossed the Isthmus of Darien and became the first European to see the eastern shores of the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)
Ferdinand Magellan Magellan: Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain; he commanded an expedition that was the first to circumnavigate the world (1480-1521)
Cartographer a person who makes maps
Astrolabe an instrument formerly used to make astronomical measurements, typically of the altitudes of celestial bodies, and in navigation for calculating latitude, before the development of the sextant.
Scurvy a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin C, characterized by swollen bleeding gums and the opening of previously healed wounds, which particularly affected poorly nourished sailors until the end of the 18th century.
Circumnavigate sail all the way around (something, esp. the world).
Pagan a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions.
Anawraa Anawrahta Minsaw was the founder of the Pagan Empire. Considered the father of the Burmese nation, Anawrahta turned a small principality in the dry zone of Upper Burma into the first Burmese Empire that formed the basis of modern-day Burma
Khmer an ancient kingdom in Southeast Asia that reached the peak of its power in the 11th century, when it ruled the entire Mekong River valley from the capital at Angkor. It was destroyed by Thai conquests in the 12th and 14th centuries.
Suryavarman II Suryavarman II was a Khmer King of the Khmer Empire from 1113 AD to 1145-1150 AD and the builder of Angkor Wat, which he dedicated to the Supreme God Vishnu
Trung sisters The Trưng sisters were leaders who rebelled against Chinese rule for three years, and are regarded as national heroines of Vietnam. Their names were Trưng Trắc and Trưng Nhị. The sisters were born in Giao Chỉ in what is now Northern Vietnam
Matrilineal of or based on kinship with the mother or the female line.
Stupa a dome-shaped structure erected as a Buddhist shrine.
Padi The Professional Association of Diving Instructors is the world's largest recreational diving membership and diver training organization founded in 1966 by John Cronin and Ralph Erickson
Afonso de Albuquerque The NRP Afonso de Albuquerque was a warship of the Portuguese Navy, named after the 16th-century Portuguese navigator Afonso de Albuquerque. She was destroyed in combat on 18 December 1961, defending Goa against the Indian Armed Forces invasion
Robert Clive Clive: British general and statesman whose victory at Plassey in 1757 strengthened British control of India (1725-1774)
Outpost a small military camp or position at some distance from the main force, used esp. as a guard against surprise attack.
Sepoy an Indian soldier serving under British or other European orders.
Matteo Ricci Matteo Ricci, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th–18th centuries. His current title is Servant of God.
Manchus a member of a people originally living in Manchuria who formed the last imperial dynasty of China (1644–1912).
Kangxi The Kangxi Emperor was the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Pass and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.
Qianlong The Qianlong Emperor; born Hongli; 25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799 was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.
Hermit kingdom Hermit kingdom is a term applied to any country, organization, or society which willfully walls itself off, either metaphorically or physically, from the rest of the world
Francis Xavier Francis Xavier, born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta, was a Roman Catholic missionary born in Xavier, Kingdom of Navarre, and co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
Caravel a small, fast Spanish or Portuguese sailing ship of the 15th–17th centuries.
Created by: Ausar the Vile