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Latin America

Latin American Revolutions

Simon Bolivar liberated Bolivia, Columbia, Peru, Panama, Ecuador, and Venezuela; served as president of Gran Columbia and as a revolutionary general; known as George Washington of South America; he wanted to join South America into one country
Jose de San Martin he liberated Argentina and Chile by crossing the Andes; South American revolutionary
Pedro I first emperor of Brazil; liberated Brazil by declaring independence from Portugal
influences of the revolutions in Latin America tensions between ethnic and social groups, the French revolution and American Revolution, and limited freedoms under Spanish rule
Toussaint Le Ouverture Haitian patriot and martyr who took control of Hispaniola; created Haiti
Antonio Narino he translated the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen into Spanish
creoles people of European descent born in the colonies
peninsulares colonists who were born in Spain
weaknesses of Spain, Portugal, and Latin America Napoleon invaded
Father Miguel Hidalgo Mexican revolutionary who made the first public call for independence; declares Spaniards the enemies of Mexicans; known as the Father of Mexican Independence
Father Jose Maria Morelos Creole leader of the Mexican Revolution after Hidalgo's death; created the Mexican Congress
Augustin de Iturbide first emperor of Mexico; liberated Mexico and brought many different groups of people together; believed in independence ruled with a monarch, equal rights for all peoples, and the Roman catholic Church as the official church of Mexico
mulattoes people of mixed African and European ancestry
effects of the revolutions in Latin America independence from Spain, new nations and new governments formed, and ethnic and social groups work together