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Jerusalem: Week 1

For Dr. Eliav's HJCS 491: Jerusalem class at the University of Michigan

What was Cannan? What was its relation with the big powers of the time – Egypt, Hittites, Hurrians? Smaller, poorer, less developed; also, a land bridge between the three powers.
Who is Abdi Hepa? Ancient, ineffective leader of Jerusalem. Was a puppet of Egypt, but received little support from them.
Who is Shalem, and what is his significance to Jerusalem? Ancient deity of Jerusalem; also, its namesake. Yeru-Shalem = House of Shalem.
Who is Baal and how is he related to Jerusalem? Storm god of the primary regional religion, son of El. Probably inspired Jerusalem's religion, and some citizens would have worshiped him instead.
Modern name of Anatolia Turkey / Asia minor
Year the modern State of Israel was formed 1948
Eastern boundary of modern Israel (geographic feature) Jordan River; also, Lake of Galilee, Dead Sea
Outlet of Jordan River Dead Sea (Lowest point in the world)
Source of the Jordan River Lake of Galilee
Year of the Six Day War, and its territorial implications 1967 - Israel conquered the west bank of the Jordan River, expanding their territory
Location of the Negev Desert South of the Central Hill, north of Siani Desert
Location of the Judean Desert Extension of the Negev Desert, between the Central Hill and the Dead Sea.
Location of flats known as the "Seashore Planes" West of Jerusalem, coast of the Mediterranean
Builder and date of Jerusalem's ancient wall. Ancient wall: Completed in 1516 by Sulemon the Magnificent, a Muslim sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
Name of the area enclosed by the ancient wall, and that area's inhabitants today. "Old City" of Jerusalem - Muslim occupants.
Inhabitants of Western City of Jerusalem Jewish community (modern)
Inhabitants of the Eastern City of Jerusalem Muslim community - these are conquored Arabs.
Location and size of the Temple Mound Compound. What does it contain today? Separate enclosure within walls on eastern side of Jerusalem - 27 football fields.
Major Muslim landmark: Both names, location Dome on the Rock (Kubat es Sahara); within the Temple Mound Compound against the eastern walls.
Major Christian landmark: Both names, location Church of the Holy Sepelchere (Church of the Sacred Jesus); central-western Jerusalem. Note: "Sepelchere" = Tomb
Hebrew name for Wailing Wall Kotel
Original reason for Jerusalem's Location Gichon Spring (Gee-hoan), between Jehoshapht and Tyropoeon Valleys. Also called "Siloam"
Created by: heimdall