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WH: Renaissance, etc

Renaissance thru Exploration

cultural movement and historic era that spanned the 14th through the 17th centuries; began in Florence; resurgence of learning based on Greek and Roman classical sources RENAISSANCE
Where did the Renaissance begin? FLORENCE, ITALY
Holy wars that were a cause of the Renaissance CRUSADES
writers and scholars who celebrated lving and the individual HUMANISTS
one of the first humanist who was a scholar and teacher; wrote Sonnets to Laura PETRARCH
diplomat and historian who wrote The Prince; believed the ends justified the means and that a ruler should do whatever was necessary to maintain control MACHIAVELLI
most famous book of the Renaissance The Book of the Courtier
wrote The Book of the Courtier CASTIGLIONE
How did Medieval art differ from Renaissance art? MEDIEVAL = Church & Salvation RENAISSANCE - Individual & Worldly Matters
artistic techniques were used by Renaissance artists to give depth to paintings PERSPECTIVE, FRESCOES
Name the major Italian Renaissance artists Michaelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Donatello
this invention spread the ideas of the Renaissance PRINTING PRESS
inventor of the printing press GUTENBERG
he was the most influential humanist of NORTHERN Europe; he criticized the Church for lack of spirituality ERASMUS
an ideal society UTOPIA
he was executed by Henry VIII; wrote Utopia THOMAS MORE
he was the most famous literary figure of the Renaisaance SHAKESPEARE
the religious revolution that split the Christian Church in western Europe and created a number of new religions PROTESTANT REFORMATION
selling pardons for sins INDULGENCES
he was a Catholic priest who posted the 95 Theses which challenged Tetzel's selling of indulgences; he considered the Bible the true authority on religious matters; considered a heretic and excommunicated MARTIN LUTHER
this Protestant religion was caused by a political break with the Catholic Church, due to Hanry VIII's wish to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon ANGLICAN CHURCH
king whoo established the Church of England (Anglican) Church HENRY VIII
this Protestant religion relied on faith, the Bible and predestination (the elect had been chosen by God for salvation CALVINISM
French Calvinists HUGUENOTS
English Calvinists PURITANS
an attempt by the Roman Catholic Church to stop the spread of Protestanism; used the Inquisition, List of Banned Books, etc COUNTER REFORMATION
transformation in thinking that occurred in the 1500's and 1600's--used scientific observation, experimentation and the questioning of traditional beliefs SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
earth as the center of the universe GEOCENTRIC
sun as the center of the universe HELIOCENTRIC
Greek scientist who described earth as center of universe PTOLEMY
Polish scientist who theorized the sun was the center of the universe COPERNICUS
scientist who constructed the first telescope GALILEO
English scientist who developed laws of motion and concept of Universal Gravitation SIR ISAAC NEWTON
leader of the Scientific REvolution; "I think therefore I am" DESCARTES
knowledge through experience EMPIRICISM
this concept states that no assumption (hypothesis) should be trusted unless it can be proven by repeatable experiments SCIENTIFIC METHOD
belief that a country's government should do all it can to increase its wealth, which is measured by the amount of gold and silver possessed MERCANTILISM
export more than one imports FAVORABLE BALANCE OF TRADE
Portuguese sailor who explored the African coast and established a school for explorations PRINCE HENRY
explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope BARTOLOMEU DIAS
explorer who crossed the Indian Ocean to reach the Far East (India) VASCO DAGAMA
explorer who sailed west from Europe in 1492 to reach India, but found the islands of the Caribbean (Bahamas); landed at San Salvador COLUMBUS
transfer of ideas and products between the Old World (Europe) and the New World (Americas) COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
his ships were the first to circumnavigate the globe MAGELLAN
principle that a powerful nation can dominate the political, economic, cultural affairs of another country IMPERIALISM
practice of a powerful nation dominating the affairs of another nations COLONIALISM
system of trade involving three stages (Europe, Africa, the Colonies), including the slave trade (Middle Passage) TRIANGLE TRADE
Created by: dotsspots