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Vargo 22 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
A group of large corporations that form an association to fix prices, set production quotas, or divide up markets. (Monopolies) Cartel
(1847 - 1931) An American inventor and businessman who created the first electric light bulb in the 1870s. His “incandescent lamps” illuminated whole cities and made it possible to factories to remain productive after dark. Thomas Edison
(1863 - 1947) An American industrialist who in the early 1900s began using the assembly line to mass-produce cars. He made the automobile affordable to the middle class. His Model T revolutionized transportation and American industry. Henry Ford
(1874 - 1937) An Italian inventor who invented the radio in 1901. He was able to send a transmitted radio message from Britain to Canada, using Morse’s dot-and -dash code. He is known as the father of long distance radio transmission. Guglielmo Marconi
(1812 - 1887) A German industrialist who inherited a steelmaking business from his father. He used coal and iron as well as ore shipping lines. He developed tools, railroad cars, and weapons from steel. He was known as the “The Cannon King” Alfred Krupp
(1843 - 1910) A German physician who identified the bacteria that caused tuberculosis, a respiratory disease that claimed 30 million human lives in the 1800s. He is considered a founder of microbiology. He also won the Nobel Prize in 1905. Robert Koch
(1822 - 1895) A French chemist and microbiologist who developed a vaccine for rabies and the process of pasteurization of milk. He also developed a vaccine for anthrax. Louis Pasteur
(1827 - 1912) An English surgeon who discovered how antiseptics prevented infection. He insisted that surgeons wash their hands before operating and sterilize their instruments. He is considered the pioneer of antiseptic surgery. Joseph Lister
(1809 - 1882) An English naturalist who established species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and proposed the scientific theory of evolution. In 1859 he published On the Origin of Species. He dev Theory of natural selection. Charles Darwin
(1770 - 1827) A German composer and pianist. He wrote Eroica for Napoleon. His best known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos piano, 32 piano sonatas,16 string quartets. Beethoven
(1847 - 1922) A Scottish born American inventor who patented the telephone. He created the first practical telephone in 1876. He also worked on optical telecommunications, hydrofoils, and aeronautics. Alexander Graham Bell
(1842 - 1891) A German inventor who invented a gasoline powered internal combustion engine in the late 1800s. Nickolaus Otto
(1834 - 1900) A German engineer, industrial designer and industrialist. He is the pioneer of the internal combustion engines and automobile development. He invented the high speed petrol engine and the first four-wheel automobile. Gottlieb Daimler
(1813 - 1898) An English engineer who in 1856, developed the process to purify iron ore and produce a new substance steel. Steel was lighter, harder, and more durable than iron. Henry Bessemer
(1833 - 1896) A Swedish chemist who invented dynamite, an explosive that was much safer than those used at the time. He set up the posthumously institute the Nobel Prizes. Alfred Nobel
(1745 - 1827) An Italian physicist who invented the battery in the early 1800s. Alessandro Volta
Created by: hwzone