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A period of European history that began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe Italian Renaissance
Worldly Secular
not steady; wavering Instability
A famous painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician in the Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci
Took control of Florence in 1434 and ran the government from behind the scenes Cosimo de Medici
The capital of Italy, situated in the west central part of the country, on the Tiber river about 16 miles inland Rome
One of the most influential works on political power in the Western world. Concerns how to keep and acquire political power Niccolo Machiavelli's The Prince
Often called the father of Italian Renaissance humanism, did more than any other individual in the fourteenth century to foster the development of humanism Petrarch
Known for, Divine Comedy, about the soul's journey to salvation, Italian author Dante
Helped make vernacular literature more popular, English author, the Canterbury Tales, consists of a collection of stories told by a group of 29 pilgrims journeying to the tomb of Saint Tomas รก Becket at Canterbury, England Chaucer
A city in Kent, in Southeastern England Canterbury
A painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water based paints Fresco
Was Italy's best painters and was admired for his numerous madonas (paintings of the Virgin Mary), School of Athens Raphael
An accomplished painter, sculptor, and architect, was another master of the High Renaissance, painted on the Sistine Chapel in Rome Michelangelo
A Flemish painter who was among the first to use and perfect the technique of oil painting, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride Jan van Eyck
A german artist who was greatly affected by the Italians, Adoration of the Magi Albrecht Durer
Church reform leader Created 95 Theses created a new doctrine called lutherism Martin Luther
Northern Renaissance Humanism major goal was to reform the catholic church Christian humanism
release from all or part of the punishment for sin Indulgence
A university in Germany where Martin Luther lectured on the Bible Wittenberg
A list of a stunning attack on abuses in the sale of indulgences created by Martin Luther 95 Theses
Made Martin Luther an outlaw within the empire Edict of Worms
Was the first protestant religion, consists of Bible readings, preaching of the word of god and song, Luthers new doctrine Lutheranism
An agreement that formally acce[ted the division of Christianity in Germany Peace of Augsburg
Published the Institutes of the Christian Religion, created Calvinism John Calvin
"Eternal decree" God had determined in advance who would be saved and who would be damned Predestination
A city in southwestern Switzerland, where Calvin wanted to reform in 1536 Geneva
Wanted to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, with whom he had a daughter, Mary, but no son, established the Church of England King Henry VIII
declare invalid Annul
A Spanish nobleman who founded the Society of Jesus, known as the Jesuits Ignatius of Loyola
Created by: tessa320