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Musculoskeletal Sys.

Bones, Bone Markings and Joints

osseous bony; composed of bone
osteoblast a cell associated with the production of bones
osteoclast a large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone
osteocyte a mature osteoblast
collagen a fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue including bone, ligaments, and tendons
periosteum the specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body
endosteum the connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone
medullary pertaining to bone marrow
diaphysis the portion of a long bone between its ends; shaft
epiphysis the end of a long bone that is usually wider than the shaft
ossification the formation of bone
calcification deposit of calcium salts within bony tissues
condyle a rounded knobby projection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint
malleolus the rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle joint
fossa a furrow or depression in a bone or other structure
olecranon the large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
foramen foramina a natural opening, specially in a bone the may pass into or through the bone
meatus a tube-shaped passage
mastoid formed like a breast or nipple
process noticeable projection of bone
articulation a joint; junction of two or more bones
ligament a band of strong fibrous connective tissue which hold articular ends of bones together
tendon a strong cord of fibrous connective tissue serving to attach muscles to bones
bursa a small closed sac containing synovial fluid, subject to friction
meniscus a crescent-shaped fibrocartilage in the knee joint
retinaculum tight transverse fibrous bands or ligaments the serve to bind down the tendons close to the bones
Created by: jolleenp