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The Musculoskeletal

Muscles bones and joints

osseous bony, composed of bone
osteoblast a cell associated with the production of bone
oseoclast a large cell associated with the absorption
osteocyte a mature osteoblast
collagen a fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers, when boiled becomes gelatin
periosteum the specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body
endosteum the conective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone.
medullary pertaining to bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ
diaphysis the portion of a long bone between its ends
epiphysis the end of a long bone that is usually wider than its shaft
calcification deposits of calsium salts within bony tissues
ossification the formation of bone; the normal process of hardening of the bone
axis a straight imaginary line
axial forming an axis
appendicular a appendage such as a limb or extremity
skeleton the bony franework of the body consisting of 206 bones
skeletal the skeleton
cranium the skull
frontal forehead bone
parietal two bones that form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
temporal the temple or central sides of the cranium
occipital the back and most of the lower base of the skull
sphenoid bone behind the eyes
ethmoid bone that forms in the internal nasal structure
suture one of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull
fontanel a space located in the infants skull (soft spot)
sinus cavites in the skull that is in the nasal cavity
orbital eye socket
zygoma cheekbones
maxilla upper jaw
maxillary upper jaw bone
mandible lower jaw bone
mandibular lower jaw bone
nasal bone on the bridge that forms nose
vertebra backbone
intervertebral between two vertebra
cervical the neck
thoracic the chest
lumber the loin or small of the back
scarum traingular bone that is attacted to the hip bone
coccyx tail bone
coccygeal tail bone
costa the ribs
intercostal between the ribs
sternum the breastbone
manubrium upper breastbone
xiphoid process lower breastbone
pelvis a large basin bone at the base of the spine
pelvic the pelvis bone
ilium widest part of the pelvis bone
pubis smallest part of the pelvis
symphysis pubis the cartilaginous joint that forms the two bones together
clavicle the collar bone
clavicular collar bone
scapula the shoulder blade
gleniod socket
acromion the lateral extension of the projecting spine
humerus the upper arm bone
radius the shorter and thicker of the two forearms
ulna the bone on the side of the little finger that extends to the wrist and elbow
carpus the 8 bones in the wrist
metacarpus the 5 bones of the hand between the wrist and fingers
plalanx any bone in the toes or fingers
acetabulum the hip socket
os innominatum the innominate bone
os coxar the hip or pelvis bone
femur the thigh bone
patella the knee-cap
tibia the shin bone
fibula the smaller lateral bone in the lower leg
tarsus the ankle
calcaneus the heel bone
metatarsus between the tarsus and toes in the foot
condyle a rounded bone that fits into a joint
malleolus the rounded bone on both sides on the ankel
fossa a furrow or depression in a bone
olecranon the large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow
foramen a natural opening
meatus a tube shaped passage
mastoid formed like a nipple (behind the ear)
process a noticeable projection of bone
articulation a joint
ligament a band that hold two or bones together
tendon a strong cord that attaches the muscle to bone
bursa a small closed sac usually found within joint areas
meniscus a creasent shaped fibrocartilage in the knee
retinaculum fibrous bands or ligaments that bind tendons close to bone
Created by: SuperStephh