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Musculoskeletal Sys.

Medical Terms

Osseus Bony; Composed of Bone; Pertaining to bone.
Osteoblast A cell associated with the production of bone.
Osteoclast A large cell associated with the absorption and removal of bone.
Osteocyte A mature osteoblast.
Collagen A fibrous insoluble protein found in the white fibers of connective tissue including bone, ligaments, and tendons.
Periosteum The specialized connective tissue covering all the bones of the body
Endosteum The connective tissue membrane lining the medullary cavity of bone.
Medullary Pertaining to bone marrow or the inner portion of an organ.
Diaphysis The portion of a long bone between its ends; the shaft of the bone.
Epiphysis The end of a long bone that is usually wider than the shaft. Contains a center for growth in the length.
Ossification The formation of bone; the normal process of hardening of bone by calcification.
Calcification Deposit of calcium salts within bony tissues.
Axis A straight line passing through the center about which a body or part may rotate.
Axial Pertaining to or forming an axis.
Appendicular Pertaining to an appendage such as a limb or extremity.
Skeleton The body framework of the body consisting of 206 bones.
Skeletal Pertaining to the skeleton.
Cranium The skull; that portion of the skull which encloses the brain
Frontal Pertaining to the forehead or forehad bone.
Parietal Pertaining to the two bones that form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium.
Temporal Pertaining to the temple or central sides of the cranium; of the two bones of the cranium located above and around each ear.
Occipital Pertaining to the back and most of the lower base of the skull.
Sphenoid Wedge-shaped; pertaining to the bat-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes, forming the anterior base of the cranium and part of each orbit.
Ethmoid Sieve-like, pertaining to the delicate bone that forms much of the internal nasal structure and part of each orbit.
Suture One of the jagged seams that unite the adjoining bones of the skull.
Fontanel A space located at the junction of the sutures in the skull of the infant.
Sinus One of the eight air-filled caivities in the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity.
Orbital Pertaining to the orbit or eye socket.
Zygoma The cheekbone. The two zygomae form the bony arch that extends along the front and side of the skull below the orbits.
Maxilla One of the pair of bones forming the upper jaw.
Maxillary Pertaining to the upper jaw bone.
Mandible The lower jaw bone; horeshoe-shaped.
Mandibular Pertaining to the lower jaw bone.
Nasal Pertaining to the nose or one of the two bones that formthe bridge of the nose.
Vertebra A backbone; any one of the bones of the spinal column.
Intervertebral Situated between two adjacent vertebrae.
Cervical Pertaining to the neck; the seven cervical vertebrae are designated.
Thoracic Pertaining to the neck; the seven cervical vertebrae are designated.
Lumbar Pertaining to the loin or small of the back
Sacrum The large triangular bone near the lower end of the spinal column to which the hip bones are attached.
Coccyx The tail bone or small bone at the end of the spinal column.
Coccygeal Pertaining to the coccyx or tail bone.
Costa A rib.
Intercostal Between the ribs; situated between the ribs
Sternum The breastbone; a lont flat bone shaped somewhat like a dagger and joined to the cartilages of most of the ribs anteriorly.
Manubrium The upper portion of the sternum.
Xiphoid Process The lower end of the sternum.
Pelvis The large basin or cup-shaped ring of bone at the base of the spinal column.
Pelvic Pertaining to the pelvis or pelvic obne.
Ilium The superiormost bone of each pelvic bone.
Ischium The inferoposterior bone of each of the pelvic of hip bones.
Pubis The inferoanterior bone of each of the hip-bones.
Symphysis Pubix The cartilaginous joint formed by the union of the 2 pubic bones at the midline.
Clavicle The collar bone or clavicula; a curved bone that joins with the sternum medially and the acromion process of teh scapula.
Clavicular Pertaining to the collar bone.
Scapula The shoulder blade; a large flat triangular bone.
Glenoid Socket-like; resembling a socket.
Acromion The lateral extension of the projecting spine of the scapula.
Humerus The upper arm bone.
Radius The shorter and thicker of the two forearm boens located on the side of the thumb.
Ulna The forearm bone on the side of the little finger that extends from the wrist to the elbow.
Carpus The eight bones of the wrist.
Metacarpus The five bones of the hand between the wrist and fingers.
Phalanx Any bone of a finger or toem each finger or toe having three such bones and the thumb and great toe having two.
Acetabulum The hip socket; the cup-shaped cavity on the outer aspect of the hip bone.
Os innominatum The innominate bone.
Os Coxae The hip bone or pelvic bone.
Femur The thigh bone; the longest, shortest bone in the human body.
Patella The knee-cap; a small flat triangular bone located in front of the knee joint within the inserting tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle.
Tibia The shin bone; the medial, larger bone of the lower leg.
Fibula The smaller lateral bone of the lower leg.
Tarsus The ankle; the 7 bones of the ankle including the heel bone.
Calcaneus The heel bone; the irregular bone at the back of the tarsus.
Metatarsus The part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes; the 5b long bones that extend from the tarsus to the toes. Also called the metatarsals and metatarsal bones.
Phalangeal Pertaining to a phalanx or the phalanges.
Condyle A rounded knobby porojection at the end of a bone that fits into a joint.
Malleolus The rounded bony prominence or projection on either side of the ankle joint.
Fossa A furrow or depression in a bone or other structure.
Olecranon The large process of the ulna forming the bony prominence of the elbow.
Foramen A natural opening, especially in a bone, that may pass into or through the bone.
Meatus A tube-shaped passage
Mastoid Fromed like a breast of nipple()_
Process A noticeable projection of bone.
Articulation A joint; the junction of two or more bones.
Ligament A band of strong fibrous connective tissue.
Tendon A strong cord of fibrous connective tissue serving to attach muscles to bones.
Bursa A small closed sac containing synovial fluid, usually found within joint areas
Meniscus A crescent shaped fibrocartilage in the knee joint. Each knee has a medial and a lateral meniscus which act as cushions between the ends of the bones in the knee joint.
Retinaculum Tight transverse fibrous bands or ligaments that serve to bind down the tendons close to the bone as they pass over a joint.
Created by: umaretakunaiyo