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ch 14 vocab

QuestionAnswer
Patron financial supporter of arts.
humanism intellectual movement on worldly subjects
humanities subjects taught to Greeks and Romans.
perspective painting appears 3D by sizing objects.
engraving etching a design on metal plate with acid.
vernacular everyday language.
Utopia ideal society.
Lorenzo de Medici Florence family, known for a very successful business
Francisco Petrarch Italian scholar in renaissance italy, earliest humanist.
Leonardo da Vinci Artist, sculptor, painter known for Mona Lisa and The last supper
Michelangelo Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art
Raphael Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance
Baldasare Castiglione Italian courtier, diplomat, soldier and a prominent Renaissance author.
Niccolo Machiavelli Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist
Albrecht Durer German painter, engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg
Jan van Eyck Flemish painter active in Bruges
Francois Rabelais French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.
William Shakespeare wrote 37 play famous for maybeth tragedy and Romeo and Juliet tragedy.
Miguel de Cervantes Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright
Johann Gutenberg German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe.
Protestant Reformation Group of people rebel or protest against the Roman Catholic Church.
Martin Luther The person who started the Protestant church
Peace of Augsburg A agreement that makes peace between the different churches
John Calvin The started of another protestant church. And made a theocracy
Huguenot French Calvinists
John Knox take Calvinism to Scotland
Indulgence a lessening of the time a soul would have to spend in purgatory.
Recant give up view
Predestination God determined long ago who gets saved
Theocracy Government rule by church leaders.
heliocentric sun is the center.
hypothesis possible explanation
scientific method step-by-step process of discovery.
gravity force that keeps planets in orbit around sun.
annul cancel.
canonize recognize as saint.
compromise agreement.
scapegoat someone to blame.
ghetto separate part of a city.
Henry VIII Got awarded by the Pope the "Defender of the Faith" also he wanted to end papal control over the English church.
Elizabeth I Elizabeth had survived court intrigues, slowly enforced a series of reforms.
Council of Trent Reaffirmed traditional Catholic views. Salvation comes through faith and good works is what they believed in.
InquisitionTeresa of Avila A Church court set up during the Middle Ages.
Jesuits The Society of Jesus
Nicolaus Copernicus Symbolized this renewal. Born into a wealthy Spanish family. entered a convent in her youth.
Johannes Kepler Published On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. He thought that the sun was the center of the universe.
Galileo Galilei Uned Brahe's data to calculate the orbits of the planets revolving around the sun.
Francis Bacon Assembled an astronomical telescope and said that the sun is the center of the universe
René Descartes Rejected Aristotle's scientific assumptions, worked with Descartes, and argued that truth is knot known at the beginning of inquiry.
Descartes understanding
Isaac Newton 24 years old, formed a brilliant theory to explain why the planets moved as they did. it took him 20 years to make the theory about gravity.
Robert Boyle Distinguished between individual elements and chemical compounds, he made the beginning of Chemistry.
Created by: Jameswww