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Chapter 14

Patron financial supporter of arts.
humanism intellectual movement on worldly subjects.
humanities subjects taught to Greeks and Romans.
perspective painting appears 3D by sizing objects.
engrraving etching a deign on metal plate with acid.
vernacular everyday language.
utopian ideal society.
Lorenzo de'Medici florence family, known for a very successful buisness.
Francesco Petrarch Italian scholar in renaissance italy, earliest humanist.
Leonardo da Vinci Artist, sculptor, painter known for Mona Lisa and The last supper.
Michelangelo Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Raphael Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
Baldasare Castiglione talian courtier, diplomat, soldier and a prominent Renaissance author.
Niccolo Machiavelli Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist
Albrecht Durer German painter, engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg
Jan van eyck Flemish painter active in Bruges
Fracois Rabelais French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.
William shakespeare wrote 37 play famous for maybeth tragedy and Romeo and Juliet tragedy.
Miguel de Cervantes Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright
Johann Gutenberg German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe.
Protestant reformation religous, political in 16th century
Martin luther German monk and professor of theology
Peace of Augsburg temporary settlement with in the holy roman empire
John Calvin important reformer to follow martin luther.
Huguenot members of the holy reformed church.
John knox Scottish clergyman and a leader of the Protestant Reformation who is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland
indulgence lessening time in purgatory.
recant give up view.
presidentation God determined long ago who gets saved.
theocracy government rule by church leaders.
Henry VIII King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death.
Elizabeth I queen regnant of England and Ireland
Council of Trent determination of doctorines in church
Inquisition group institutions with judicial systems
Jesuits christian male congregation
Teresa of Avila was a prominent Spanish mystic, Roman Catholic saint, Carmelite nun, an author of the Counte
annul cancel
canonize recognize as saint
compromise agreement
scapegoat someone to blame
ghetto seperate part of city
Nicolaus copernicus mathematician and astronomer who formulated a heliocentric model of the universe
Johannes kepler German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer
Galileo Galilei first to make telescope died at age 75 went blind for teaching something not suppose to
Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author
Rene descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic
Isaac Newton English physicist and mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution
Robert boyle was a 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and invento
Heliocentric sun is center
hypothesis possible explanation
scientific method step by step process of discovery
Gravity planets that keep sun in orbit.
Created by: Kalonik