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China

TermDefinition
Dynasty ruling family
Barbarians uncivilized person
Kowtow low bow expressing respect and submission to the Chinese emperor
Gentry land owners
Collectives farm operated and managed under government direction
proletariat industrial working
Guomindang nationalist party of china that was established after 1911 when china declared itself republic
Communist class-less society in which people were equal; no landowners; in theory= access to education, health car, housing and jobs; in practice a new elite emerged; gap between rural and urban depend.
Mao leader of the Chinese communist party
Totalitarian state nation which the government controls every aspect of the citizens lives through a single-party dictatorship
Middle Kingdom
Mandate of heaven Chinese belief that heaven grants ruler a mandate,or right to rule;in turn the people owe the rule complete loyalty and obedience
Silk road trade route
Emperor Quin first emperor of china; great wall; burning book; modernization of writing and weapons
Extraterritoriality principle allowing westerners accused of crime in china to be tried in special western-run courts instead of in Chinese courts
Filial piety according to the Chinese philosopher Confucius the duty and respect that children owe their parents.
Opium wars Chinese tried to stop theillegal drug trade by passing harsh laws
Genghis Kahn Leader of the mongol conquest who conquered a vast empire which extended from the pacific ocean to the Danube ricer in Europe
Boxer rebellion bloody uprising of the boxer, a Chinese organization against foreigners and Chinese Christians in 1900
Responsibility System was a practice in china first adopted in agriculture in 1981 and later extended to other sectors of the economy by which local managers are held responsible for the profits and losses of an enterprise
Cultural Revolution movement that emphasized class struggle instituted in china by Mai Zedong in 1966 to control rival groups within the Communist Party
Red Guard Chinese students and factory workers who supported Mao Zedongs cultural revolution with abusive tactics against those suspected of not supporting Chairman Mao
Confucianism developed ideas on how to restore peace, 5 relationships that govenrned human soociety, tuler and ruled, father and son, older brother younger brother, husband and wife, friends and frind.Superior person is also responcibleforthe well being of the inferio
Daoism link between people and nature rather than the importance of proper behavior
Legalism Hans Feizi belief that people acted out of sled-interest not ideas of proper behavior rewards and punishments not good examples motivated people
Created by: jorge.meraz9