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Principles of HC

Final Exam

Explain the concept of credentials & who's responsible for knowing the requirements of the credentials. Credentials ensures that the workers protect their patients & they're responsible for knowing the requirements of the credentials.
Explain the steps along the career path from entry level to end goal. Choose a career > Explore career > Plan career > Commit to education
Understand the differnce between volunteer, temporary, part-time, & full-time work. Volunteer: no pay Temporary: not permanant Part-time: >40hrs/week Full-time: <40hrs/week
Understand who has the right to revoke a health care worker's right to practice. The person/group who gave you your credentials has the right to revoke a health care worker's right to practice.
Professional Development Where can it be obtained? Self education obtained through coursework, professional seminars, workshops, & articles.
Explain the difference in on-the-job training, associate degree, bachelors degree, masters degree, & doctorate degree. On-the-job training: experience/education while working Associate: 1-2yrs community college training Bachelor: 4yrs college/uni coursework Master: 1+yrs beyond bachelor coursework Doctorate: 4+yrs beyond bachelor/master coursework
Explain the different career levels: aid/assistant, technician, technologist/therapist, professional Aid/assistant:1+yrs on-the-job/in class/both Technician: 2yrs associates degree/3yrs on-the-job Technologist/therapist: 3-4yrs collage+work experience Professional: 4+yrs collage w/bachelore/doctorate degree
Profesional organizations Community/Civic organizations Furthers career Enhances well-beings
Job outlook Working condition Demand/availability for career Environment/time/expectation
Function of the cell Repair/replicate
Tissue Organ System Collection of cells w/similar functions Made of different tissues working common function Made of different organs
Function of: heart arteries veins capillaries Pumps blood throughout body Carries blood away from heart Returns blood back to heart Picks up debris from blood cells
Epiglottis Trachea Covers glottis while swallowing Breathing tube
Difference between L/R lungs 2lobes/3lobes
Different parts of blood Erythrocytes transports Oxygen to lungs & living tissues of body Leukocytes removes debris from body
Function of small intestine Absorb food
Plera Function Delicate watery membrane on each lung allowing smooth cushioned movement
Gastro stomach
Hepato liver
Stomato mouth
Dento teeth
Glosso/Linguo tongue
Gingivo gums
Entero intestines
Esophago esophagus
Lipo fat
Abdomino abdomen
Cardio heart
Vasculo/Angio blood vessels
Arterio arteries
Phlebo veins
Hemato/Hemo blood
-cyte cell
Erythro red
Leuko white
Thrombo clot
Rhino/Naso nose
Tracheo trachea
Broncho brionchioles
Laryngo larynx
Pulmano/Pneumo/Pnemono lungs
Skeleto/Osteo bones
Musculo muscles
Tendeno tendons
Ligamo ligaments
Cranio skull/cranium
Costo ribs
Arthro joint
Pelvo/Pelvi pelvis
Cephalo head
Endo- inside
Dys- difficult/painful
Megalo- -megaly enlarge
Tachy- fast
Brady- slow
A/An- without
Radi/o- xray
Sono/Echo- sound
Electr/o- electrical
Hyper- increased
Hypo- decreased
Pneo- beneath
Kinesi/o- movement
-al/ic/us/ac/ar pertaining to/talking about
-scopy process of looking
-scope instrument used to look at
-itis inflammation
-pathy disease of
-rrhea discharge/flow
-rrhagia bleeding/hemorrage
-rrhaphy suture/stiture
-rrhexis rupture/burst of
-pepsia digestion
-ectomy excise/cut out
-tomy incise/cut in
-plasty surgical repair
-ia condition of
-emia blood
-lysis destruction of
-genic generate/form
-gram picture
-graphy process of taking a picture
-grapher person taking picture
-logy study of
-logist person who studies
-algia pain
-pnea breath
-spasm spasm
-ist speacialism
-malacia softening
-porosis porous
-plasia development
-meter instrument used to measure
-metry process of measuring
Chain of infection Pathogen>reservoir>portal of exit>mode of transmission>portal of entry>susceptible host
Direct contact Indirect contact physical contact nonphysical contact
Double bagging technique putting a biohazard bag inside another
Asepsis Surgical asepsis free of pathogens sterile procedures
When should a face mask be worn? body fluid contact possibilities
Droplet Airbourne isolation unit w/negative pressure isolation unit
System theories & componants Way of studying a system as a whole Input > Throughput > Output > Feedback loop > Contorls > Environment > Goal > Mission
Medical advancements Herbs, sanitation, medicine, sciences, machines
Public Health Care System Funded by tax dollars
Copay Deductible Premium Out of pocket Amount paid by patient for a specific service Amount paid by patient before insurance company pays Amount patient pays insurance company for health insurance policy Expenses paid by patient
Non-profit Health Agency Provides health services to low income patients
Results of Wellness Awareness Makes patients aware of a healthy lifestyle resulting in better health
Interdependence Teammates depending on each other
HMO PPO HMO requires primary physician & PPO doesn't
Desirable traits for health care workers Empathy, honesty, dependability, willingness to learn, patience, acceptance
Character of an effective team Mutual respect, healthy interpersonal relationships, open communication
Compromise Agreeable solution
3 Strategies for conflict resolution win/win strategy willingness to resolve broadening perspective strategy
4 guidelines for pro dress uniform well fitted clothes closed toe shoes name badge
Ways to manage personal hygiene short fingernails neat hair natural makeup
Positive team roles initiator, info seeker/giver, opinion seeker/giver, elaborator/evaluator, clarifier, energizer,recorder, procedural tech, encourager, harmonizer, tension releaser, compromiser, gate keeper, observer/follower
Negative team roles aggressor, dominator, blocker, recognition/help seeker, confessor, clown, desserter
3 leadership styles democratic laissaz faire autocratic
3 catergories of team roles task maintanance self center
Time management tools daily planners, calenders, report sheet
6 problem solving steps identify problem, objective, possible solutions, make/implement plan, evaluate results