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Africa 1

TermDefinition
Social organization social classes
Customs and traditions - rules of behavior
Language communication
Religion (monotheism= one god; polytheism= more than one god)
Government -democracy= people have supreme power -in a form of democracy called a republic= people choose leaders who represent them -dictatorship= a ruler or group holds power by force
Economic systems -traditional economy= people produce most of what they need to survive (hunting, gathering, farming, herding) -market economy= individuals answer the basic economic questions by buying and selling goods and services; free enterprise system -command econ
Exports goods sent to markets outside a country
Subsistence farming farmer produces enough harvest to supply personal needs but has little or no surplus
Cash crops crop that can be sold on the world market
Ethnocentrism judging other cultures by the standards of one’s own culture
Racism belief that one racial group is superior to another
Diffusion movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
Desertification the change of semi-desert land into desert land
Mercantilism theory that a country’s economic strength depended on increasing its gold supply by exporting more goods than it imported
Deforestation clearing land for farming and burning wood for fuel; results in erosion
Tariffs tax imposed on imported goods
Colonialism imperialism: control of one country of the political economic, or cultural life of another country or region
Carry capacity the maximum number of species that an environment can sustain
Role of UN preserve world peace and cooperate in solving global social and economic problems
Drought prolonged periods of little or no rainfall
Famine a severe shortage of food, as through crop failure or overpopulation
Created by: jorge.meraz9