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PAWS midterm cards

cambridge pre-aice

QuestionAnswer
Cottage Industry Putting out system
Enclosure Large farm fields enclosed by fences or hedges
Crop rotation A method of farming where switching types of crops each season to avoid depleteing soil of nutrients
Factors of production Land, Labor, Captial
Eli Whitney Invented Cotton Gin, and interchangeable parts
Natural resourcess needed to industrialize Running water, iron ore, coal, harbors
Henry Ford Introduced the assembly line
Urbanization City building and movement of people to cities
Karl Marx Socialist philosopher - wrote the communist manifest - german journalist proposes a radical socialism called marxism
Middle Class Arose during the industrial revolution the class of Business owner, factory mangager, engineer, and accountent, etc. - skilled workers, merchant, rich farmers (looked down on by land owners and aristocrates)
Jethro Tull Invented seed drill, and crop rotation
Stock Limited ownerships rights for a company sold to raise money - when you own part of a corporation
George Stephenson Invented the steam locomotive, and laid the first railroad in England
Corporation Company owned by stock holders shares profits not debts - sells shares
Robert Fulton Built first steamboat
Luddites Believed that machines took over human jobs. Started a revolt that ended when 14 members were hanged
Adam Smith Author and philosopher wrote the book "Wealth of Nations" economic natural laws: self-interest, competition,supply and demand
Samuel Slater Smuggled blueprints from British factories to America. English textile worker.
Crystal Palace A building made from iron and glass that showcased goods from around the world during the industrial revolution
Lassiez faire Economic government policy that stated the government would not interfere with business
Capitalism System of privately owned business seeking profits
Trade unions Groups of employees that worked to improve wages and working conditions
Socialism Factors of production owned by, operated for the people
Olympe de Gouges Wrote "rights of women and citizen"
John Locke British philospher, wrote the second treatis of civil government (said it was power of consent from the government)
Louis XVI King of france during the french revolution - maried to Marie Antoinette
Marie Antionette Austrian - Queen of fance during the french revolution - married to King Louis XVI - executed in 1793
Maximillien Robespierre Revolutionary in the french revolution - head of the jacobins - known as the incoruptable - head of the comittee of public safety
Napoleon Bonaparte Imposed military rule on france and helped spread revolutionary ideals to much of europe - become emperor of france.
Klemens von Metternich Austrian Prince - Host of the Congress of Vienna
Ancient Regime social and political system in France up until the French Revolution (3 Estates and Monarchy)
National Assembly third estate broke off and create the National Assembly - made tennis court oath
Jacobins Radical revoultionaries - lead by Robespeirre changed the calendars and time so that it was not religion based. (Robespeirres radical backing)
Civil code Stated that there was to be equality before the law, freedom of religion and the abolition of feudalism, it made the husband the ruler of the household and served as the model for the codes of law of more than twenty nations throughout the world
Directory A five man executive government chosen by the Ancients
Conservatism Politican orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and preventing radical change
Liberalism Wants things to change so there is greater freedom for the individual
Congress of Vienna The Great Powers of Europe who wanted to balance power and seek peace
Giuseppe Girabaldi Italian politician and general of the Roman Republic
Marshals An important and trusted military commander
Buffer state States that separate ambitious powers from one another and protect them from each-others aggression
Canton Regions of Switzerland that were ruled almost entirely by small merchant elites
Hapsburgs Imperial family of Austria since 1282
Pope Head of the Roman-Catholic Church
Diet Governing council of the German confederation
Jesuits Catholic missionaries
Prince regent A person ruling a country when the king or queen is unable to rule because they are too ill
Constitutional monarchy The rulers power is slightly limited by a written constitution
Gout A disease that involves inflammation of the joints, especially the hands and feet
Deputies These were to be over 40 years of age and to pay over 1,000 francs in direct taxation
Pays Legal This was the group that had the franchise (right to vote). In France in 1815 this depended on wealth
Caricature A work of art that exaggerates someone's facial features
Concert of Europe This is a term given to the habit of the great powers, which included France from 1818 of consulting and working together.
Socialism A government system that consists of the community equally providing and receiving for each other. The government controls production and distribution
National debt the financial obligations of a national government from deficit spending
Left A political "left" - liberalism
Cholera A serious and often fatal disease that effects the digestive organs it is caused by drinking or eating infected substances
Annexation The act of adding or expanding
Self-evident Evidence without proof or reasoning
Magnanimous Lofty and courageous spirit; noble (Mrs. Gedney) charitable and forgiving
Endeavor To try or attempt to achieve a goal
Impel To urge or drive forward; to force
Usurpations To seize and hold by force or without right
Simon Bolivar Revolutionary leader in South America, creator of Grand Columbia
Franchise The right to vote
Created by: Gedney239